Information hazards and downside risks - Michael Aird (me), 2020
Ways people trying to do good accidentally make things worse, and how to avoid them - Rob Wiblin and Howie Lempel (for 80,000 Hours), 2018
How to Avoid Accidentally Having a Negative Impact with your Project - Max Dalton and Jonas Vollmer, 2018
Sources that seem somewhat relevant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unintended_consequences (in particular, "Unexpected drawbacks" and "Perverse results", not "Unintended benefits")
(See also my lists of sources related to information hazards, differential progress, and the unilateralist's curse.)
I intend to add to this list over time. If you know of other relevant work, please mention it in a comment.