Cash transfers are direct payments, typically by governments or nonprofits, made to eligible groups of people.

Three main types of cash transfer programs have been studied: conditional cash transfers (CCTs), unconditional cash transfers (UCTs), and business grant programs.

GiveWell considers cash transfers to have the strongest track record of any non-health intervention, and estimates cash transfer programs to be in the same range of cost-effectiveness as their other priority programs (GiveWell 2018). As they acknowledge, this assessment is highly sensitive to certain empirical and moral assumptions, particularly concerning the investment returns to cash transfers and the relative value of averting child mortality vis-à-vis improving adult income....

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