Hillebrandt, Hauke & John Halstead (2018) [Impact Investing Report]
(https://founderspledge.com/research/fp-impact-investing ) Founder's Pledge
For impact investing to do good, it has to provide a company with more capital than it would have otherwise received. This is often difficult unless the investment is concessionary (sacrifices some level of financial return against the market rate), or takes place in a private market which other investors are unable or unwilling to invest in (Brest & Born
Brest, Paul & Kelly
Born. 2015. When can impact investing create real impact?Stanford social innovation review .
Lays out the conditions under which impact investing can make a difference.
Holden. 2009. Acumen Fund and social enterprise investment.
GiveWell’s shallow investigation into impact investing.