Welfare biology is the study of living things considered as moral patients. The discipline's main purpose is to determine the circumstances affecting wild animal welfare. Applied welfare biology, in turn, is the application of welfare biology to identify interventions that affect the welfare of wild animals.[1] The field was established by economist Yew-Kwang Ng in a seminal 1995 paper.[2]

Further reading

Carpendale, Max (2015) Welfare biology as an extension of biology: Interview with Yew-Kwang Ng, Relations, vol. 3, pp. 197–202.

Faria, Catia & Oscar Horta (2019) Welfare biology, in Bob Fischer (ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Animal Ethics, New York: Routledge, pp. 455–466....

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