Burden of disease

The concept of burden of disease originates in a study commissioned by the World Bank in 1990 and in collaboration with Harvard University and the World Health Organization (WHO). The study, published in the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report and known as the first Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 1990), was a comprehensive effort to quantify the healthy life years lost globally not only from premature death but also from nonfatal medical conditions.[1][2] To measure this loss, GBD 1990 introduced the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), a metric that has since become standard in health impact assessment and informed policy-making. GBD 1990 had considerable influence, both in stimulating other studies focused on various subpopulations and in contributing to the setting of global health priorities.[2]3]

In 2019, the world population lost 1.68 billion years of life due to premature death—calculated as the sum of the difference between each person's age of death and their life expectancy at that age–and another 863 million years of healthy life, measured in DALYs.[3]4]  This loss corresponds to a burden of 33,073 DALYs per 100,000 people, or about four months of healthy life lost for every person alive. (The global burden of disease per person has been falling consistently for the last three decades. In 1990, when the first study was conducted, it was 48,595 DALYs per 100,000 people.)

  1. ^

    World Bank (1993) World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  2. ^

    Murray, Christopher J. L. & Alan D. Lopez (eds.) (1996) The Global Burden of Disease: A Comprehensive Assessment of Mortality and Disability from Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors in 1990 and Projected to 2020, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

  3. ^

    Mathers, Colin (2017) Global burden of disease, in Stella R. Quah (ed.) International Encyclopedia of Public Health, 2nd ed., vol. 3, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 256–267.

  4. ^

    Global Health Data Exchange (2019) GBD results tool, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

The concept of burden of disease originates in a study commissioned by the World Bank in 1990 and undertaken in collaboration with Harvard University and the World Health Organization (WHO). The study, published in the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report and known as the first Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 1990), was a comprehensive effort to quantify the healthy life years lost globally not only from premature death but also from nonfatal medical conditions.[1] To measure this loss, GBD 1990 introduced the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), a metric that has since become standard in health impact assessment and informed policy-making. GBD 1990 had considerable influence, both in stimulating other studies focused on various subpopulations and in contributing to the setting of global health priorities.[2]

Between 1998 and 2004,WHO carried out further GBD studies were published by the World Health Organization.between 1998 and 2004. Since 2010, GBD studies are carried outconducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME). The most recent study was conductedcompleted in 2019.

Burden of disease figures can be helpful not only to assess the current state of the world and make secular comparisons, but also to help with cause prioritization. Different medical conditions, as well as different geographical regions, vary considerably in their contributions to the global burden of disease, and andisease. An awareness of this variation can significantly assist efforts to allocate resources where they can have the most impact.

The concept of burden of disease originates in a study commissioned by the World Bank in 1990 and undertaken in collaboration with Harvard University and the World Health Organization.Organization. The study, published in the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report and known as the first Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 1990), was a comprehensive effort to quantify the healthy life years lost globally not only from premature death but also from nonfatal medical conditions.[1] To measure this loss, GBD 1990 introduced the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), a metric that has since become standard in health impact assessment and informed policy-making. GBD 1990 had considerable influence, both in stimulating other studies focused on various subpopulations and in contributing to the setting of global health priorities.[2]

The concept of burden of disease originates in a study commissioned by the World Bank in 1990 and undertaken in collaboration with Harvard University and the World Health Organization. The study, published in the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report and known as the first Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 1990), was a comprehensive effort to quantify the healthy life years lost globally not only from premature death but also from nonfatal medical conditions.[1] To measure this loss, GBD 1990 introduced the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), a metric whichthat has since become commonstandard in health impact assessment and informed policy-making. GBD 1990 had considerable influence, both in stimulating other studies focused on various subpopulations,subpopulations and in contributing to the setting of global health priorities.[2]

In 2019, the world population lost 1.68 billion years of life due to premature death—calculated as the sum of the difference between each person's age of death and their life expectancy at that age–and another 863 million years of healthy life, measured in DALYs.[3]  This loss corresponds to a burden of 33,073 DALYs per 100,000 people, or about four months of healthy life lost for every person alive. (The global burden of disease per person has been falling consistently for the last three decades. In 1990, when the first study was conducted, it was 48,595 DALYs per 100,000 people.)

Burden of disease figures can be usefulhelpful not only to assess the current state of the world and makingmake secular comparisons, but also to help with cause prioritization. Different medical conditions, as well as different geographical regions, vary considerably in their contributions to the global burden of disease, and an awareness of this variation can greatlysignificantly assist efforts to allocate resources where they can have the most impact.

BibliographyFurther reading

The concept of burden of disease originates in a study commissioned by the World Bank in 1990 and undertaken in collaboration with Harvard University and the World Health Organization. The study, published in the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report and known as the first Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 1990), was a comprehensive effort to quantify the healthy life years lost globally not only from premature death but also from nonfatal medical conditions (World Bank 1993).conditions.[1] To measure this loss, GBD 1990 introduced the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), a metric which has since become common in health impact assessment and informed policy-making. GBD 1990 had considerable influence, both in stimulating other studies focused on various subpopulations, and in contributing to the setting of global health priorities (Mathers 2017).priorities.[2]

In 2019, the world population lost 1.68 billion years of life due to premature death—calculated as the sum of the difference between each person's age of death and their life expectancy at that age–and another 863 million years of healthy life, measured in DALYs (Global Health Data Exchange 2019).DALYs.[3]  This corresponds to a burden of 33,073 DALYs per 100,000 people, or about four months of healthy life lost for every person alive. (The global burden of disease per person has been falling consistently for the last three decades. In 1990, when the first study was conducted, it was 48,595 DALYs per 100,000 people.)

Global Health Data Exchange (2019) GBD results tool, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Mathers, Colin (2017) Global burden of disease, in Stella R. Quah (ed.) International Encyclopedia of Public Health, 2nd ed., vol. 3, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 256–267.

World Bank (1993) World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  1. ^

    World Bank (1993) World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  2. ^

    Mathers, Colin (2017) Global burden of disease, in Stella R. Quah (ed.) International Encyclopedia of Public Health, 2nd ed., vol. 3, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 256–267.

  3. ^

    Global Health Data Exchange (2019) GBD results tool, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Burden of disease figures can be useful not only to assess the current state of the world and making secular comparisons, but also to help with cause prioritization. Different medical conditions, as well as different geographical regions, vary considerably in their contributions to the global burden of disease, and an awareness of this variation can greatly assist efforts to allocate resources where they can have the greatestmost impact.

Applied to Disability Weights by Pablo at 1y

The concept of burden of disease originates in a study commissioned by the World Bank in 1990 and undertaken in collaboration with Harvard University and the World Health Organization. The study, published in the World'World Bank's Bank 1993 World Development Report and known as the first Global Burden of Disease study (GBD 1990), was a comprehensive effort to quantify the healthy life years lost globally not only from premature death but also from nonfatal medical conditions (World Bank 1993). To measure this loss, GBD 1990 introduced the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY), a metric which has since become common in health impact assessment and informed policy-making. GBD 1990 had considerable influence, both in stimulating other studies focused on various subpopulations, and in contributing to the setting of global health priorities (Mathers 2017).