Family planning

Family planning is widely recognized as a highly cost-effective health intervention, especially due to its effects on reducing unintended pregnancy and in reducing sexually transmitted disease. It has been estimated that $1 spent on family planning can avert from $2 (in Ethiopia) to $9 (in Bolivia) in health costs, with an average of $8 for all women using all modern contraceptive methods.[1]

Family planning is widely recognized as a highly cost-effective health intervention, especially due to its effects on reducing unintended pregnancy and in reducing sexually transmitted disease. It has been estimated that $1 spent on family planning can avert from $2 (in Ethiopia) to $9 (in Bolivia) in health costs, with an average of $8 for all women using all modern contraceptive methods.[1]

  1. ^

    Tsui, A. O., R. McDonald-Mosley & A. E. Burke (2010) Family planning and the burden of unintended pregnancies, Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 32, pp. 152–174.

Family planning is the use of contraception to limit or space out the number of children born to a couple, and the provision of contraceptive methods for that use. 

In developing countries, children born two years or earlier after an older sibling were at a 60% increased risk of death in infancy, while those born between two and three years had a 10% increase, compared with those born after intervals of four to five years. Contraceptive use to increase the birth interval therefore reduces child mortality.mortality.

Contraceptive use reduces the risk of death per birth by preventing high-risk pregnancy.pregnancy. These include but are not limited to pregnancy in the very young, pregnancy in older women, births that are spaced very close together, and high parity births (births that occur in a woman who has already given birth many times).

Contraceptive use reduces the risk of death per birth by preventing high-risk pregnancy. These include but are not limited to pregnancy in the very young, pregnancy in older women, births that are spaced very close together, and high parity births (births that occur in a woman who has already given birth many times.)times).

Family planning is broadly recognised as a cost effective way to reduce both maternal and child mortality.  

Contraceptive use reduces the risk of death per birth by preventing high high-risk pregnancy. These include but are not limited to pregnancy in the very young, pregnancy in older women, births that are spaced very close together, and high parity births (births that occur in a woman who has already given birth many times.)

Hi mvolz,

Family planning is broadly recognised as a cost effective way to reduce both maternal and child mortality.  

Do you have a source in support of this claim? (I'm not disputing it; I just haven't researched the topic and would like the article to provide a relevant citation.)

3mvolz20d
There's a good review here (covers cost effectiveness on a wide variety of outcome metrics, including but not limited to maternal mortality): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3115338/ [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3115338/] Specifically the cost effectiveness on maternal mortality in Nigeria in one study: https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-12-786 [https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-12-786] Maybe "Widely recognised at being cost effective at reducing unintended pregnancy" is better though - that's definitely widely recognised, but perhaps CE at reducing mortality isn't as widely recognised?
2Pablo19d
Thank you. I've added a paragraph based on the first article. Feel free to revise.

Contraceptive use reduces risk of death per birth by preventing high risk pregnancy. These include but are not limited to pregnancy in the very young, pregnancy in older women, births that are spaced very close together, and high parity births (births that occur in a woman who has already given birth many times.)

Effect on child mortality
In developing countries, children born two years or earlier after an older sibling were at a 60% increased risk of death in infancy, while those born between two and three years had a 10% increase, compared with those born after intervals of four to five years. Contraceptive use to increase the birth interval therefore reduces under 5child mortality. 

Family planning is broadly recognised as a cost effective way to reduce both maternal and child mortality.  

Effect on maternal mortality

Contraceptive use reduces risk of death per birth by preventing high risk pregnancy. These include but are not limited to pregnancy in the very young, pregnancy in older women, births that are spaced very close together, and high parity births (births that occur in a woman who has already given birth many times.)

Effect on child mortality
In developing countries, children born two years or earlier after an older sibling were at a 60% increased risk of death in infancy, while those born between two and three years had a 10% increase, compared with those born after intervals of four to five years. Contraceptive use to increase the birth interval therefore reduces under 5 mortality. 

Family planning is the use of contraception to limit or space out the number of children born to a couple, and the provision of contraceptive methods for that use.

Applied to Phil Harvey (1938 - 2021) by Gavin at 4mo