Hazards, vulnerabilities, and exposure is a common risk assessment framework used in disaster risk management.
"What is a risk vs threat vs vulnerability?" Blue Glacier.
Bonadonna, Costanza et al. (2021) "Integrating hazard, exposure, vulnerability and resilience for risk and emergency management in a volcanic context: the ADVISE model" Journal of Applied Volcanology vol. 10, no. 7.
Liu, Hin-Yan; Lauta, Kristian C.; Maas, Matthijs M. (2018) "Governing Boring Apocalypses: A New Typology of Existential Vulnerabilities and Exposures for Existential Risk Research" Futures vol. 102, pp. 6-19....