All of ImmaSix's Comments + Replies

Making large donation decisions as a person focused on direct work

(Somewhat unrelated to my other comment)

How clear are you on your cause prioritization? If you know your cause area, you might just defer to a charity evaluator. (It sounds boring and too easy for so much money, but it might be the best way to go for many individuals). Obviously this does not work if you don't know your cause area or your cause area does not have charity evaluators (yet!).

Making large donation decisions as a person focused on direct work

Does your direct work give you access to knowledge that others don't have? Even if you are not a professional grantmaker in your cause area, you might still have lots of expertise. If your current best-guess donation opportunity is based on that knowledge, it might be quite a good guess, and maybe better than many individual donors. That's why I like it that some staff members of open philanthropy project tell where they donate.

As someone who does not do direct work and wants to donate thoughtfully, domain knowledge is something I miss a lot. I cannot be a... (read more)

I came here to say this: you have a relatively unique work position relative to most EAs, and are likely to be unusually good at identifying opportunities in countries Wave is located in.
The case for investing to give later

This is the post I most often refer to when talking about donating now versus investing to donate later. It provides a good summary of the main considerations and is accessible for non-expert donors. Having a back of the envelope model with real numbers is also really great.

Individual non-expert donors can defer to experts to decide where to donate by using charity evaluators and the EA Funds. But the question when to donate they have to make mostly themselves (except maybe in case of the Patient Philanthropy Fund).

Suggestions for follow-up posts.

  • updatin
... (read more)
Hi Imma, thanks for your comments, and happy to hear this post has been useful for you! The research project behind it actually resulted in this report [], which also tackles some of your follow-up suggestions :). I'll make sure this is edited in at the top of the post, so people can more easily find it.
Altruistic Motivations

Low-cost lives are not something to celebrate. They are a reminder that we live on an injured planet, where people suffer for no reason save poor luck.

This is motivational quote that I keep reminding myself of. This is one way I see the dark world.

This piece is not part of the replacing guilt series but has the same vibe. It deserves the same credit as replacing guilt.

Donating effectively does not necessarily imply donating tax-deductibly

Focusing on tax-deductibility too much can be a trap for everyday donors, including myself. I keep referring to this article to remind my peers or myself of that.

One piece of information is not mentioned: At least in some countries, donating to a not-tax-deductible charity may be subject to gift tax. I recommend that you check out if this applies to you before you donate . But even then the gift tax can be well worth paying.

We’re Rethink Priorities. Ask us anything!

From a talk at EAG in 2019, I remembered that your approach could be summarized as empirical research in neglected areas (please correct me if I'm wrong here). Is this still the case? Do you still have a focus on empirical research (Over, say, philosophy)?

7Peter Wildeford6mo
Yes, it is still our approach, broadly speaking, to focus on empirical research, though certainly not to the exclusion of philosophy research. And we’ve now done a lot of research that combines both, such as our published work on invertebrate sentience [] and our forthcoming work on the relative moral weight of different animals.
We’re Rethink Priorities. Ask us anything!

About funding overhang:

Peter wrote a comment on a recent post:

I'm optimistic we will unlock new sources of needed funding (Rethink Priorities is working a ton on this) so we should expect the current funding overhang to be temporary, thus making it important to still have future donors ready / have large amounts of money saved up ready to deploy.

You also wrote in your plans for 2022:

Help solve the funding overhang in EA and unlock tons of impact by identifying interventions across cause areas that can take lots of money while still meeting a high bar

... (read more)

We'd expect to find new funding opportunities in each cause area we work in. Our work is aspirational and inherently about exploring the unknown though, so it's very difficult to know in advance how large the funding gaps we uncover will be. But hopefully our work will contribute to a part of work that overall shifts EA from not having a funding overhang but instead having substantial room for more funding in all cause areas. This will be a multi-year journey.

Writing about my job: Web Developer

I have a very related job, as test engineer on a web application and have in some places very similar experiences. I might write my own post but this post already covers part of it.

Software testing is easier to transition into from an unrelated background and requires a somewhat different skillset and mindset. People who are more conscientious or more generalist may be a better fit for testing. Rather than working on a small part of the application, you work on the entire application (or at least a bigger part of it, depending on the product or company) an... (read more)

Animal Welfare Fund: Ask us anything!

Much of your grantmaking goes to new and less established projects. There are many of those. Should we fear the (successful) programs get more funding-constrained once they have scaled up and therefore need more funding, but maybe they have lost the novelty for high-risk-high-reward-seeking donors? Or are other funders (individual donors, ACE recommendations, OpenPhil, other philanthropists) likely to take over?

In general, the AWF would be inclined to continue supporting those groups as they scale up if their work continues to be effective and in line with our funding priorities. I suspect as we have more funding available, we will be able to balance our support of new projects while helping to sustain existing groups. We are also in touch with other funders and grantmakers in this space and will reach out if we think a particular group is better suited for a different funding opportunity.
Animal Welfare Fund: Ask us anything!

What will the AWF look like in 5 years? What may have changed? What do you hope for? What challenges do you foresee?

I think (and hope) that 5 years from now the AWF will allocate more than $10M in a single year. Here are some plausible priority areas that come to my mind for the fund on a 2-5 year timeline: * Seeding some groups in the Middle-East and further seeding groups in Africa. * Alt-proteins * Fish welfare. * Field building on wild animal welfare In terms of challenges, quick thoughts: * Navigating funding weirder/speculative stuff if our donor base has a lot of relatively new EA’s * Maintaining a high level of expertise across some pretty disparate areas (geographies, farmed animals, alt-proteins, wild animals, etc.) * Balancing my time on the fund vs my full-time job! :)
Animal Welfare Fund: Ask us anything!

Besides your request for proposals, do you do any active grantmaking? How much? If so, how do either of the two ways bring you good opportunities?

Yeah, we definitely do other things on active grantmaking than just our RFP. Other things we do include: * Having calls with potential applicants * Encouraging some applicants to apply * Encourage some applicants to apply for more funding * If someone applies for something we don’t find as promising, we think of whether there are ways to get them above our bar for funding * Help initiate some projects I think historically most of our success in active grantmaking hasn’t come through our RFP and I think I would expect it to stay that way.
10 things I bought and recommend (2020)

Thank you for recommending the cooling gel mat. If heat turns out a problem in my new bedroom, I might give it a try.

My recommendations (not sure how useful they are, I realize some are quite specific for my lifestyle):

cleanable earplugs for sleeping.

I sleep earlier than most people. With these earplugs at hand, I never needed to complain to my flatmates when they talk or watch movies next to my bedroom. Clean with handsoap.

noise-isolating headphones in the bad old days working in an open office.

I tried the noise cancelling headphones of my friends to sup... (read more)

How have you become more (or less) engaged with EA in the last year?

Question for my understanding: what is your current job?

I work at Leverage Research as the Program Manager for our Early Stage Science research.
AMA: Tobias Baumann, Center for Reducing Suffering

How could individual donors best help in reducing suffering and S-risk? How should longtermist suffering-focussed donors approach donating differently than general longermist donors?

One key difference is that there is less money in it, because OpenPhil as the biggest EA grantmaker is not focused on reducing s-risks. In a certain sense, that is good news because work on s-risks is plausibly more funding-constrained than non-suffering-focused longtermism. In terms of where to donate, I would recommend the Center on Long-Term Risk [] and the Center for Reducing Suffering [] (which I co-founded myself). Both of those organisations are doing crucial research on s-risk reduction. If you are looking for something a bit less abstract, you could consider Animal Ethics [], the Good Food Institute [] , or Wild Animal Initiative [].
AMA: Tobias Baumann, Center for Reducing Suffering

Strong-upvoted this question. Follow-up question: what kind of research could resolve any factual disagreements?

Where are you donating this year and why – in 2019? Open thread for discussion.

Sounds like a plan. Congratulations with doing your first donations!

How do you prioritize between the 5 charities that you mentioned?

I'm still thinking about how to prioritize. This comment [] might give you some ideas where my thinking is now. I've also been in contact with a few of these charities. I might comment again here with updates.
Where are you donating this year and why – in 2019? Open thread for discussion.

Related: GiveWell's staff personal donations

I strong upvoted the post because I'm really happy to see a discussion about donating - this is an important and actionable topic.

What are people's objections to earning-to-give?

This post gives an excellent description of some challenges of earning to give:

This post is from 2015, but I think the reasoning is still valid. The author stopped earning to give because he 1) performs better working for a cause he believes is important than for the business he used to work for, 2) does not see excellent giving opportunities and could have more impact by doing something else, 3) had different values than his colleagues.

I sort-of earn to give myself and have similar challenges,... (read more)

What are the easiest highly positive and effective things that people can do?

See also here for more suggestions:

I don't think that anyone knows a clear right answer to your question (at least, I don't). What is 'easiest', I guess, depends on your personal situation. If you have enough money, donating is probably the easiest start. If you are early in your career, maybe read up on 80.000 hours.

What’s the Use In Physics?

[epistemic status: anecdotical] on not doing physics

If you want to build a resume in a non-physics direction, as Christopher suggests, and you are early in your career, don't wait too long to explore alternatives. I personally made a mistake by not exploring alternative options enough before I finished my master's degree (in Europe).

What’s the Use In Physics?

A possible note of caution for applied physics research or technology development in industry: you might want to take into account differential technological progress: develop safety first, before developing more powerful technologies (such as creating faster hardware). I assume that it depends much on your research field whether you should be concerned about differential technological progress. Does anyone have more thoughts about this?

Some Organisational Changes at the Centre for Effective Altruism

We think that policy is an important area for effective altruism to develop into, and we feel we have had some significant success within policy so far. Recent developments in British politics mean that our plans regarding our policy work are currently in flux; depending on how this plays out, we could do considerably more or considerably less policy work.

What are the uncertainties involved? What sort of events would lead you to do considerably more policy work? What sort of events would lead you to do considerably less policy work? Can you say anything about that?

I'm sorry we can't say more at this stake. One downside of policy work is that much more of the work can't always have the same level of transparency as other projects.
The Effective Altruism Newsletter & Open Thread – May 2016

Getting tax-deduction in the Netherlands for donations to international EA charities is not straightforward. I've done some research made a write-up to explain how it works.

Summary: Some charities have a tax-deductible status (ANBI) in the Netherlands. If not, you can use Transnational Giving Europe or make a donation to Effective Altruism Foundation in Switzerland marked for regrant.

Full write-up (Dutch)

(Hasty) translation

Philosophical Critiques of Effective Altruism by Prof Jeff McMahan

Mentioning the criticism by developmental economists on the EA's mainstream approach on poverty, however, triggers me to learn more.

Updates from Giving What We Can

GWWC would like to focus on the later stages of the membership pathway, like long-term involvement. What does GWWC do for people who have been a member for a long time? What is the relative importance of that, compared to involving potential members and new members? Is losing members a significant risk?

Updates from Giving What We Can

Could you elaborate a bit more about GWWC's comparative advantage in research? What is GWWC in a good position to do, and what could better be done by e.g. GiveWell or academic research?

5Hauke Hillebrandt6y
Hi Tom and Imma, thanks for the questions. One example of crucial considerations are disease interactions that might have the potential to significantly influence the cost-effectiveness analyses of charities. One such disease interaction is that of deworming with malaria, which is obviously really relevant and important given that we recommend both malaria and deworming charities. We've reviewed the literature on this interaction this year and it turns out that deworming for STH might have some protective effects against malaria and thus deworming might increase malaria. Givewell has picked up on this and cited our review in their latest review of deworming: [] even if this interaction didn't turn out to be all too worrying, it could be a near miss (obviously if the effect size of this interaction would have been bigger, it would have been more likely to be on everyone's radar, but still). And yes, even though we think very highly of Givewell and their research output, we also think that it is good to have at least one other independent source in this space. Academic research is not usually doing what we do. They are reviewing the theoretical cost-effectiveness of an intervention to inform policy of big organisations in development. We are trying to bridge the gap between the scientific literature's theoretical cost-effectiveness estimates and the effectiveness of particular organisations. Also, the research field of cost-effectiveness research is still very young and even though some researchers are doing cost-effectiveness estimates in their particular field (e.g. estimating the cost-effectiveness of vaccines), there are few people who specialize in getting an overview of the different estimates and compare them. One exception is the DCP (, but then again they are quite theoretical in the sense that
Burnout and self-care

I see deciding wisely about the unavoidable trade-offs between self-care and altruism as a skill that a person could build over the course of years. It is okay to feel a bit of stress or tension sometimes. It is okay to make a mistake sometimes too. (I made mistakes in both directions.)

Keeping a separate donation budget, and keeping track of my spendings, helped me a lot. I should maybe start something similar for volunteering time and mental energy. Any ideas?

The main step I took was using my vacation days for actual rest (even if not travel) instead of cashing them in for money to donate.
How to get more EAs to connect in person and share expertise?

Another factor is that the less connected people are often shy about reaching out to the busy, high-performing EAs they don’t personally know.

Most of the discussion here has been about the facilities, mostly online like EAhub, skillshare, LWSH, EASH, buddy systems, hangout events, and meetups. Even when the facilities are excellent, user-friendlly and findable, people might be too shy to actually ask.

Overcoming shyness is something different from creating tools, and probably more difficult. What could we do about that?

Some ideas (it would be great if y... (read more)

The Buddy System ins't a software system; it's made of people. So, we can try doing whatever we think is best with it. I can reach out to some effective altruists I know who do work in specific areas, such as finance, or social work, so effective altruists who have need to talking to someone with that expertise would have someone they know they can talk to. I can ask these acquaintances to volunteer for the EA Buddy System if they feel like. They're wouldn't be any pressure. Eventually we'd be able to include from this the possibility for anonymous questions, and examples stories of how individuals got connected and benefited from that (with the prior express permission of both parties involved, of course).
Yes, this hits the core of the issue in my perception. Tools are merely a way to make contacting people feel more safe. A determined non-shy EA will find the right person to talk to even without them. But often extended contact with EAs is needed before people feel safe doing this. How to would you make it obvious that people are happy to be contacted and asked to skype or so?
One option would be for someone to come up with a specific call to action (like EAs declaring somewhere visible that certain sorts of approaches are welcome), and then get that call to action out there to EAs and try recruiting them for it. I don't suppose you or others in EA Netherlands would be interested in that Imma?
How to get more EAs to connect in person and share expertise?

Small idea: a second regular Hangout workathon at a time that is more friendly for European or Asian timezones.

Somewhat bigger: organize an EA-coworking weekend. People from different countries/cities come to together for a few days in a central place to on EA related or personal projects, for example finding out the destination of your next donation. This would require people to travel, but it might be worth it. I won't have the resources to organize it myself in the next few months, but feel free to take over the idea.

Even bigger: organize more weekend c... (read more)

I'm guessing you're based in Europe. Most of the project leaders for .impact, like Ozzie Gooen, Tom Ash, Patrick Brinich-Langlois, Giles Edkins, and Peter Hurford are based in North America. So, it would be a challenge for them to organize a Hangout workathon that is friendlier to Eurasian timezones. However, the .impact team won't be adverse to a second regular Hangout workathon. Each of us becomes part of the .impact team when we take the lead a new project. Contact Ozzie Gooen or Peter Hurford to let them know you want to start a second regular workathon for Europeans, if that's something you'd want to do. This is easier in continental Europe because everything is so much closer together than on other continents. I don't think having people from different countries come together is very feasible outside of continental Europe. I'll help brainstorm some nexuses where people from nearby cities can come together for coworking weeknds or camps, though, using the global map of EA groups []: * Pacific Northwest Weekends/Camps: This would be between Vancouver, Canada, and Seattle, Washington, United States. They're in different countries, but both along the border, and also only three hours drive away from each other. It won't be a co-working weekend, but I'm trying to organize a gathering of effective altruists from both these cities. In the future, I'll try bringing in effective altruists from Portland, Oregon for this as well, in which case we'd most likely all meet in the central location of Seattle. * San Franscisco Weekends/Camps: This would be for effective altruists from Berkeley, Oakland, and San Francisco, where there already are lots of effective altruists. A camp for all of California would likely take place in Berkeley or SF. * South Bay Area Weekends: This would be for effective altruists who are closer to the heart of Silicon Valley than the northern side of San
How to get more EAs to connect in person and share expertise?

The possibility exists, but how many people have ever done this in practise?

Irrespective of how many other people do it (please don't worry about that too much), I would encourage everyone to overcome their shyness and actually ask for help, information or social support by whatever medium. Personally, I felt delighted when someone sent me a question. Even though I am quite busy, responding was probably well worth my time.

Anecdotally, I've heard of a few from people writing in to me saying "thanks for the map, I met awesome person X on it which let to fruitful thing Y". But I've only had a few emails to that effect, so I have no idea how common it is! I expect people are indeed shier than they need to be, effective altruists tend to really like talking to other like-minded people. :)
How to get more EAs to connect in person and share expertise?

I'm afraid you are right.

If no other EAs live near you, you might consider to travel and couch surf in EA hubs. I've done this a few times in the UK, Switzerland and Berlin, and people were surprisingly welcoming.

Unfortunately I cannot reciprocate, because I live in a very EA-low area and will stay there in the future.

Tech job Q&A

A lot of discussion is about web development, and most bootcamps focus on that. What other fields are particularly interesting? Most job descriptions I find are not about web development and data science. How much does the European job market differ from the US?

Areas I personally think are interesting include programming languages, databases, machine learning, cryptography/security, and networks, off the top of my head. Though I suspect that these don't make up a very large fraction of job postings! Lots of jobs are just writing miscellaneous tools to automate various parts of other businesses.
Tech job Q&A

What is in your company the difference between data science and 'engineering'?

2Peter Wildeford7y
Software engineers do computer programming and are expected to know a lot about a programming language (stereotypically Ruby) and are not expected to know any math or statistics. Data scientists are expected to both know how to program (typically Python or R) and to know a lot of statistics (and some math), but generally are not expected to know how to program nearly as well as software engineers. Data engineers (my profession) are in the middle ground and are expected to know how to program just as well as a software engineer, just in a data-relevant language (typically Python or R). Data engineers are also expected to know some stats (much more than a software engineer) but not nearly as much stats as a data scientist.
Tech job Q&A

A concern mentioned on is a possible oversupply due to bootcamps. MOOCs might also contribute to this - you can learn programming anywhere without formal education. To what extent is this true?

I think it's highly unlikely that macro-level job prospects for generic software development will continue to look as good as they do right now: * Venture investment in software is large and growing extremely quickly right now (more than 50% yearly last year). Annual venture capital investment is now equal to about 5% of technology industry revenue (~$50b [] on ~$1T [] ) and probably has an outsized effect on jobs, so a slowdown could put downward pressure on salaries. * Right now, bootcamps are small (~10% [] of newly-educated entrants into the tech industry). I'm not sure on what timescale 80k is worried about a "short-term oversupply"--bootcamp graduates won't be a large fraction of tech industry workers for at least 10 years, since college grads are growing as well. I'd be more worried about a long-term equilibration of supply: right now there appears to be a substantial amount of money lying on the ground (as bootcamps demonstrate), which suggests the market is not in equilibrium and we should expect equilibrium wages of tech workers to be lower.
Non-English language effective altruism (including a list of venues)

Good point. And North European countries are relatively rich, have a happy population, and a language related to English (English is relatively easy to learn). (warning: correlation, not necessarily causation).

Non-English language effective altruism (including a list of venues)

I think the value of non-English EA groups is not their language, but mostly their location. In-person social support and discussion is not replaceable by any type of online communication even using the most modern technology.

It is worth noting that widely discussed EA actions and choices often have to be 'translated' to the job market and education system of the specific countries.

What small things can an EA do?

Can anyone think of small actions you can take to improve a specific skill? I am mostly looking for something concrete that you can do in one afternoon or less.


March Open Thread

For those who are reading along, Ryan is referring to this. I mention CFAR as an example. There might be (identifiable) better giving opportunities somewhere in the world.

March Open Thread

A thought about the question whether to donate now or later: why would I invest money in myself or my own career, if the expected return on an investment in someone else is greater?

Total (altruistic) human potential might increase more if I donate to SCI which indirectly improves the education of many people, or to CFAR to pay for someone else's workshop rather than go to the workshop myself.

How and why could this thought be wrong ( or right?)

I think this idea raises some good questions. Something that Paul says along these lines is that when you donate funds, we expect that you might get some good flow-through benefits to the recipient and their contacts, but we should often assume that the economic benefits to people will eventually compound at roughly the interest rate. The challenge is finding opportunities where good can compound faster than a few percent. And investing in the study and career progression of someone who is trying to answer these kinds of questions might be such an example. If you think so, then the question becomes whether you think that CFAR is a good opportunity for compounding your impact like that.
How I organise a growing effective altruism group in a big city in less than 30 minutes a month.

I have a similar experience for EA in the Netherlands. My post may sound somewhat negative, but I decided to continue writing it to reduce possible bias towards success stories.

We are a very small meetup group, and the most frequent attendees do not even live in the same city - the density of people interested in EA is very low. We meet near the train station in Utrecht, which is a city in the centre of the country. Convincing people from your local network to a meetup in another city is difficult (I managed twice). The large travel cost, low popularity o... (read more)

January Open Thread

Does anyone know (from experience) good articles/books on not-necessarily-AI technology risks or non-AI technology risk?

Is "Global Catastrophic Risks" by Bostrom worth reading in this context? It's from 2008; my concern is that it might be outdated.

There's this policy report from September 2014, Unprecedented Technological Risks [] , signed by Beckstead, Bostrom, Bowerman, Cotton-Barratt, MacAskill, Ó hÉigeartaigh, and Ord. Not a long read, but I'd expect the references to be among the best available.
I thought it was excellent when I read it (in 2010), and I expect it's probably held up pretty well. I can't think of a better replacement.
I'd suggest Global Catastrophic Risks as a good primer. (The essays aren't written by Bostrom; he co-edited the book)
Meetup : Utrecht: Rationality Games

Sorry, the date was wrong. It is 14 December, not 7 December.

Open Thread 4

There is a lot of discussion about what to DO in the context of EA. But for everything I do, there is something else that I don't.

What have you decided NOT to do, because it has a (somewhat) lower priority than other things?

Things that I downprioritized:

  • some recreational activities: playing the guitar, cooking, baking cakes, reading novels.

  • I quit volunteering in an online education project. It was low time cost anyway.

  • meditating (would that increase productivity more than the time spent on it? I don't really care about the other benefits.)

  • keep an

... (read more)
I can think of many things I no longer do but I'm not sure that's a direct result of my EA involvement. I'm a busy person, so activities that offered a small benefit naturally gave way either to more productive things, or things that offered a bigger benefit. I think I probably drink (and therefore spend less on) alcohol. I only watch a few selected TV shows and don't re-watch old episodes. I spend less time at the gym but more outdoors cycling with my boyfriend (kills multiple birds with one stone). I think as we age our priorities naturally shift and our activities naturally change. Nothing in my personal life has changed ONLY as a result of EA ideas.
This is a bit tangential but I don't know if there's a single EA that smokes cigarettes.
Since 2000 I've abandoned TV, videogames, celebrity gossip, musical ability, knowledge about bands, politics, theater classes, dancing classes, handball, tennis, reading fiction, reading parts of Facebook, maintaining contact with groups X and Y of friends, newspapers, magazines and comics.Those were not easy choices, each comes with a cost, a sadness, and a feeling that something valuable has been lost. The richness of flavors of life got somewhat poorer.
Open Thread 4

You might want to ask local group organisers to distribute the survey among their members.

0Peter Wildeford8y
I think we did do that to the best extent we could; Tom Ash could confirm. Definitely something we should look into more. The problem is it's hard to know what meetup groups exist and who to contact.
What small things can an EA do?

This could lead to good habits, but it might also make you focus on details rather than the big picture. Thinking EA too much can be exhausting, make you feel more guilty than necessary or you could become estranged from the people you meet in everyday life.

On the thoughts you sum up, you might add:

  • Is the small mistake I made today really bad?
  • Is this small thing a good step in the way to a greater goal?

For example, I always forgive myself if I happen to spend a few dollars more in the supermarket than absolutely necessary in order to eat healthy, and... (read more)

I have to say that after EA Global Melbourne, where on the middle day I spent almost 16 hours straight thinking and talking about EA related topics, I felt tired but so fulfilled. It was actually hard coming back to my day job. As long as you turn the thoughts into energy and motivation to do more good and you don't despair (easier said than done) you'll be ok.
To Inspire People to Give, Be Public About Your Giving

To what extent would people turn off if I told them that I give an amount that is unreasonable in their point of view? Or that I sometimes choose to deny myself something because I think I can do much more good to people far away. Making priorities that are not optimal for your own happy and comfortable lifestyle seems to be socially undesirable even if the people near to you don't suffer from it. E.g. I tell I give $x per month, which they would not expect from any sensible person with a modest income and would definitely not see themselves doing. Would it be better if I did not mention any number?

To Inspire People to Give, Be Public About Your Giving

Evan, I feel the same shyness about my giving behaviour. Ironically, is the social standard of being open about giving within the EA community that helps to overcome this.