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Guillaume_Chauvat

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Spears & Budolfson, 'Repugnant conclusions'

The version of negative utilitarianism I have in mind is not one that ignores net-positive lives, but one that denies their existence in principle, so the  live in .

It's easier to see in a preference framework: for a fixed set of preferences, maximising preference satisfaction is exactly the same as minimising preference frustration. But as soon as we can change the set of preferences, those two approaches are radically different. Those forms of NU are about minimising the amount of frustrated preferences, which can only be positive in principle. Or, equivalently, about maximising the opposite of that, which is always negative. This satisfies aggregation and Pareto axioms.

Spears & Budolfson, 'Repugnant conclusions'

Thanks!

I was going to answer the same as here: the form of the "very repugnant" conclusion applying to NU seems much less repugnant.

Spears & Budolfson, 'Repugnant conclusions'