Frustrating that the lines between the rows in that table kind of shift and wiggle because of the various kinds and unclear relative importance and meaning of different kinds of "feedback".
The canonical example is Einstein getting special relativity basically perfectly right with almost no reality-feedback because he had math-feedback. Started with a good amount of data but so do we.
In AI research & bio we are blessed with several kinds of useful feedback at several timescales, although the ultimate review hasn't come yet.
I'm tempted to be rude and say your first post should be titled "tips for interacting with large orgs". I may be misunderstanding you so that comment isnt really granted. If you did title it that though, I would be just as interested.
For planes, a hill had enough feedback. For masks, a kitchen spray faucet is maybe enough if you're honest with yourself. The US military gets mountains of data about its operations and their failure causes but whoever is running things might do better having a date night with their diary than having a presentation from their intelligence officers. I don't think data/experiments are the big missing piece across the board. In policy of course it is about practice and structures and connections 95%...
So all this to say: there are most likely big ways we can get more feedback on all our longterm efforts and we certainly ought to, but I expect that this advice will need to be extremely specific to be useful, and that people are already trying very hard all the time to get meaningful data, and that just saying moar experimetns won't get us far.
The first O in OODA implies something new to observe, no? And within the OODAL of a city there are many smaller loops where eg you see if your friend where's a mask if you ask them.
And with the ToC and such I thought the first post was kind of an introduction/abstract.
Anyway I'm looking forward to these posts and very curious what the OODA loop of a city looks like