MacAskill, Will & Darius Meissner (2020) Speciesism: Expanding the moral circle across species, in Introduction to Utilitarianism: An Online Textbook'Utilitarianism and practical ethics', Oxford.Utilitarianism.
cognitive bias | moral circle expansion | moral patienthood | cognitive bias
moral circle expansion | moral patienthood | cognitive bias
Singer, Peter (2002) All animals are equal..., in [Animal Liberation]Liberation, New York: HarperCollins, pp. 1-23.
Animal Ethics (2017) Speciesism, Animal Ethics.
moral circle expansion | moral patienthood
Speciesism is discrimination in favor of one species, typically the human species, over others, typically in the context of exploitation or mistreatment of nonhuman animals.