Great work Jack! Really excited to see this!
Thank you for writing this up. I strongly agree with this basic idea/approach (though that was based on a quick scan so I may not agree on all the details). As an organiser, I experienced a lot of people asking me about local jobs they might do and I didn't have easy answers.
Longer term I would like if there was something like the 80K jobs board (perhaps posted by 80k), but with a filter to focus in on specific regional areas. Perhaps this could be something where the local EA leads would provide the data and 80k would still do the broadcast (best to keep everything centralised, I think).
I like the google sheet you developed.
It might be good to see if you can get a few other group leads to do something similar to your sheet and collectively track the community response.
Anyway, that's all I have time to contribute for now. Keep up the great work!
Based on the feedback, I think that a few people didn't realise that we have drafted a (50 page) preprint paper - the link above is just to the public summary. Sorry for not making that clearer!
Hey Michael! The literature on "Framing even small contributions as helpful for achieving charitable aims" (referred to as 'Legitimizing Paltry contributions'/'LPC' in the literature ) suggests that the technique leads to similar contributions overall.
Here is what the relevant review states:
"To conduct this analysis, we calculated total donation amounts for both experimental and controlgroups from 10 research reports representing 18 comparisons (U.S. samples only) anda total of 2,054 participants. Care was taken to ensure donation totals were adjusted toreflect an equal number of participants in the LPC and control conditions for eachstudy. Because our observations of these data were at the study level (e.g., total amountcontributed in the LPC and control conditions), it was not possible to use traditionalmeta-analytic techniques to test for differences. Instead, we examined differencesusing a paired t test with the experimental and control condition donation totals froma given study each representing one data point. The difference between the donationtotals for experimental (M = 49.07, SD = 49.68) and control conditions (M = 46.04,SD = 57.01) was not statistically significant, t(17) = .41, p = .69 (two-tailed)."
Here is their summary of related prior research:
"The results from studies that have examined the effects of LPC on donation size aremixed. Whereas the findings from some research reports show that legitimizing paltrycontributions decreases donation amounts (e.g., Reeves et al., 1987; Shearman & Yoo,2007), others show that the tactic does not affect charitable contributions (e.g., Cialdini& Schroeder, 1976; Weyant, 1984; Weyant & Smith, 1987) or even increases them(e.g., Dolinska & Dolinski, 2014; Dolinski et al., 2005)."
Let me know if you want a copy of the paper.
Thanks so much for this! I am keen to discuss this when Covid-19 has passed. I have some ideas and see opportunities for collaboration. EdoArad - I would love to talk with you too at that time. For context, I am one of the people involved in READI which is led by EA volunteers and seeking to tackle high impact/EA aligned research questions. This is our current project, you can see other work here.
What we are spending most of our time on
If you are interested in helping then please join here.
I think this is a good idea in the abstract, but I would be especially wary of starting "yet another aggregator" right now... I think we should use the LW links database which already has momentum.
Yes, I agree. To be clear though, one issue now (I suspect) is that you can't trust the LW links database to be updated with all the key papers on a topic, nor can you search it to find these paper or use it to easily cite those papers. A Mendeley database could do that and in less than a days work. It would only be of use for 'serious' research though so not sure if needed. I also don't have the capacity to do anything to make such a database nor does anyone who could I suspect!
For now, perhaps the LW links database could benefit from someone with research knowledge setting up something to alert them to the latest research as it comes in? I could probably set something something that emails me the latest results from a search (e.g., (Covid-19 OR...) AND (vaccinat* OR ...)) and then forward that to someone involved. Of course this may already be happening - I haven't been able to pay much attention. If this is useful, then let me know and I will look into it.
Definitely. I think you have been in touch a bit with Derek and David on that. My understanding is it could definitely help but we are funding constrained on the data collection as are you. I shared your opportunity in my 29 March Brief.
Yes, they have been very helpful! Thanks for sharing. We will see if we can get more funding for this and if we do then we could potentially pay for that data collection.
Thanks for sharing, this is a pretty incredible list. The bar for good EA work just keeps on rising.
I have gratitude fatigue from all the people/efforts I am grateful for :)
For 3 - I think that shared Mendeley databases, are a good choice for synthesising and sharing research. New research is suggested, the web clipper makes it easy to add and the shared group mean that many people can contribute. It can also be combined with research updates from Scopus etc. I do one for Behaviourworks (my employer) for behaviour change research - see here for an update. I am happy to explain how to do it if 3+ people comment that they expect they would probably benefit it.
For 13/18 - Thanks for the mention of our project - maybe we can collaborate on getting UK data?
We just collected our first set of Australian data (n=1000) for an open science project. We aim to help policymakers with decision making about how to allocate resources to tackle Covid-19.
We doing something quite different from other ongoing surveys. Most of these are about country level comparisons and not about understanding behavioural drivers. For example, we can report things by location and demographic, but also why people are not doing the behaviours, e.g.,
The list of the 40 or so people currently involved is here.
If anyone would like to know more, take the survey, or help, then please read the following and check the links (copied and pasted to save time - hope that is ok - I am near exhaustion :P!):
I am part of an open science research collaboration creating an international and continuously-updated dataset to help government and public health officials make better decisions to tackle Covid-19.
Existing COVID-19 related surveys are less optimised for providing immediate actionable insights to policy makers, such as the differences in adherence to key protective behaviours, and the barriers preventing people from performing these behaviours, and how these differ by postcode or demographic. Such data is therefore critical for efficient resource allocation but not currently available.
Building on the COSMO project, a WHO/Europe initiative - we will conduct a “living survey” -- with both repeated cross-sectional and longitudinal sampling -- running throughout the pandemic, to track relevant protective behaviours, their variations by demographic and location, and their determinants.
After each wave of data collection, we will generate and disseminate an updated report about the prevalence of protective behaviours, their most important drivers or barriers, and a break-down by demographics. As we collect more waves, we will be able to visualise trends over time.
We will also test the effectiveness of different interventions at encouraging relevant behaviours. Here are some examples of the types of outputs that we will be able to produce.
We have just started collecting the first wave of data.
Please consider joining us in collaboration. You can contribute by:
If you contribute to this project in any significant way then you will be recognised on all outputs and be an author on any subsequent paper. The bar for recognition will be relatively low (perhaps ~5 hours of work).
The data we collect and share will not only be invaluable to current policy and decision making but will also provide insights that help to prevent suffering and death.
You can take the survey here [Add your personal link]?Firstname_Lastname_EMAIL
You can join the collaboration here
The website is now public and live and over 500 people have already signed. Here are some good reasons to help promote it in my opinion (and why I took time off work to help with it):
Changes in behavior are critical for slowing and managing the spread of viruses and disease. Small behaviour changes such as promoting social distancing can have a huge impact on reducing the number of people who get infected. This graphic explains it very well.
Even small commitments (such as pledges) can significantly increase behaviour change.
Seeing what other people do is one of the most powerful and important drivers of behaviour.
By making it easier to broadcast behaviour and preferences, social media platforms enable us to reach and influence millions of people with a few shares and in turn enables those people to easily influence many others with just a click of a button.
As an example, within 24 hours of Alyssa Milano’s tweet about #MeToo, 45% of facebook users had heard about it - billions of people.
Imagine the effect of one person making important changes to their behaviour - already large - but now multiplied across millions of other people doing the same because they have seen others pledge and share. It could be hugely positive.
So please, think of all the people you love, and all the people others love, and take and share the pledge. We can't save everyone from suffering and dying from this terrible virus but we can hopefully save some of them. And even if we don't succeed we should surely try.
[Please disregard this comment for now - we are going to take more time to finalise the pledge before we seek support]
Helping to support and disseminate distribute a viral social contract (i.e., a pledge) to coordinate collective action against the Coronavirus might be one option to consider.
Please see this document for the project background and the current working draft for the pledge.
Please fill this form if you want to help us to distribute the pledge during and after launch (the 11th to 13th of March).
I really think that this is a case where leveraging EA networks can have a very positive social impact.
Taking and sharing the pledge will protect you, your family and your community but also the wider world and future generations. It will also help us to collect useful data about the best way to promote pledges and safety related behaviour.