Why do we focus so heavily on cause prioritization within the EA movement?
Because all that’s standing between us and the grey goo is an altruist with a spreadsheet! It’s a bird, it’s a plane, it’s -- Project Man(agement).
And that’s what EA boils down to, in the end. EA is a push for better altruistic project management. Institutions and people fill different roles in the movement, and everybody does a little bit of everything. But in theory, the institutional flow of influence is something like this:
1. Foundational vision: Establishing a mission statement and movement culture (i.e. Giving What We Can and Toby Ord coining "Effective Altruism")
2. Intellectual underpinnings: Making the vision more nuanced and grounding it in academic theory (i.e. Global Priorities Institute)
3. Choosing a cause: Using theory to establish broad, applied themes, such as “AI safety” or “good governance” (i.e. Future of Humanity Institute)
4. Meta-level project management: Comparing object-level strategies and institutions working on a given cause (i.e. OpenPhil, GiveWell, 80,000 Hours)
5. Object-level project management: Planning, evaluating, and coordinating direct work with tangible outcomes after committing to a strategy (i.e. OpenAI)
6. Direct work: Executing concrete projects, including EA movement advocacy (i.e. Paul Christiano)
7. Personal development: Education, advice, enhancing wellbeing (i.e. Center for Applied Rationality)
I think this is a useful framework for thinking about the roles of institutions in the movement. And many EAs seem to have identified with this perspective. To them, success at EA means getting a job at an EA institution, or maybe founding one. And that’s great. Nobody’s a genius in all ways. Heck, I’ve managed to get a fair amount done without being a genius at all! Getting a job at an EA org means you don’t have to figure it all out for yourself.
The problem is that there just aren’t enough EA jobs. So EAs are stuck with earning to give, or doing the really hard work of writing EA forum articles.
So really, why all the cause prioritization talk?
Especially those of us working outside of EA institutions?
For most people associated with the EA movement, their own personal most important, tractable, and neglected strategy isn’t “getting an EA job.” It’s skill-building. They need to shape themselves into the kind of person capable of either getting hired for an EA job, or creating one for themselves (and maybe for others).
80,000 Hours provides advice on this, from what sorts of degrees to earn, to how to build career capital, to recommendations that people focus on acquiring transferrable and quantitative skills.
Is this what we’re talking about online? Let’s have a look at the last 20 posts each on the Forum, Reddit sub, and Facebook group. My classifications are intuitive, rough, and based only on a glance at each post. However, it looks like only about 5% of posts can be seen as primarily about individual skill building. The vast majority are about engaging with the EA foundational vision on an institutional level.
Of course, the intellectual work of writing and reading these posts is a form of personal development. And I can think of a few reasons why overt personal development writing isn’t well-represented in this sample:
- We talk about this in in other community-linked forums that aren’t represented in my sample
- People have plenty of external resources and motivation for personal development; EA is filling a different niche
- Personal development relies on too many personal factors to make for a useful collective dialog topic
- Personal development is difficult to improve in general
- The EA movement selects for highly effective people whose main problem is making sure they’re applying their energies to the right problem
There’s probably some truth in each of these, and I might be missing some. Yet Tyler Cowen routinely calls for researching and teaching the habits of highly effective people. The business world publishes lots of books on how to be a more competent worker. Maybe we need to be focusing more on these questions, as a community. I tentatively think that this is a neglected topic in our movement.
EA is having considerable success in motivating people to see their career as a way to help the world. It’s reaching people who might have been altruistically oriented throughout their lives, but who hadn’t really seen just how important their career could be to making a difference in the world. They discover EA, suddenly feel as though they should have been working a lot harder for a lot longer on the right projects, and then they discover that they’re not cut out for any of the highly-competitive EA jobs and feel stuck.
So why aren’t they generating a large volume of public dialog about how to develop their skills? My guess is that they’re mirroring the conversation they see.
Why we should talk more about personal development.
There are a few reasons for us to do discuss this topic more, even though there’s lots and lots of guidance on the topic external to EA.
- The primary skills necessary for a competent EA worker might be different from what makes a person effective in the world of business
- The people we have in the EA movement might have a different distribution of strengths and weaknesses
- More robust dialog on personal development within EA might be a more effective use of grassroots energy than institutional development writing.
- Focusing more on personal development might address the common critique of EA being elitist or disappointing
- Our altruistic motivations and commitment to intellectual rigor might make us unusually good at this
I’ll conclude by listing some fundamental efforts that we should explore in this area.
- Review personal development literature through an EA/rationalist lens
- Link to and discuss academic work on personal development
- Catalog pre-existing efforts and resources for personal development, both internal and external to the EA community
- Classify personal development skills and the problems they address
- Create assessment tools to help individual people determine what skills they most need to work on
- Interview highly effective EAs with a track record of success to understand their approach, what’s made them successful, and how they’ve overcome barriers
- Interview struggling EAs to understand their problems and connect them with resources for personal development
- Organize workshops and other institutions related to EA personal development