A dystopia is a civilization devoid of most value.

In Toby Ord's typology, unrecoverable dystopias constitute one of the three main types of existential catastrophe (Ord 2020).

Ord further subdivides unrecoverable dystopias into three types. A dystopia may be desired by either none, some, or most or all of the actors living under it. Ord calls these undesired dystopias, enforced dystopias, and desired dystopias, respectively (Ord 2020: ch. 5)....

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