Madhav Malhotra

I'm a university student from Canada. I'm really excited about HOW to balance economic and environmental sustainability!

Topic Contributions


Biodiversity Loss: In the Shadow of Climate Change

Happy to hear you're interested in the issue :-) Regarding the skepticism on whether alternative meats can move the needle on biodiversity loss - I understand, I was there too :D 

On the problem side of things, it's clear we need to reduce meat consumption to slow down biodiversity loss. I interviewed the author of this paper that talks about it. If you don't have access but would like to read it, DM me and I can share my notes :-)

On the solution side of things, there is uncertainty. Alternative meats aren't the only proposed solution. Another major one is behavioural 'nudges' that can reduce animal product consumption. Though they seem to have low effect size - when used individually, at least. (Source)  Also, scientists have theoretically also proposed changed diets that don't try to mimic meat - just cut it out entirely. (Source)

I don't have any quantitative proof to say one approach is better. Though there are lots of opinions out there if you want to ask people ;-) If you're aware of any quantitative data or other proposed solutions, feel free to share them!

A Biosecurity and Biorisk Reading+ List

I really liked this list of technical solutions you listed! It's ominous reading their warnings about ventilators and seeing them come true :O 

Would you happen to know if any of the 15 technologies have gotten more attention between 2018 and now? :-)

Also, when I was looking at the list, I couldn't help but thinking: "What don't I see?" And I thought of these areas:

  • Solutions to deal with misinformation. Ex: Proof of Identity
  • Solutions to reduce risks of natural outbreaks (especially regarding wildlife encroachment, livestock production practices)
  • Solutions to improve biosafety / biosecurity in healthcare facilities
  • Passive technologies (ex: materials chemistry to reduce pathogen transmission)
  • Solutions to minimise economic damages of social distancing. Ex: Better online work options.
  • Proactive solutions to increase immune system health in general populations. Ex: Correcting vitamin deficiencies (especially vitamin D) and increasing regular exercise.
  • Solutions for cyberbiosecurity. I don't even know what'd move the needle here :D

Would you happen to know of any resources on the bolded areas? :-)

As @Devansh Pandey said, it depends on the person. Instead of trying to find people at the right age, find people with the right pursuits. Ex: If you look at high school students, then some will be trying to volunteer at nonprofits, some will try to take part in STEM competitions / hackathons to solve global issues, some will be applying to entrepreneurship bootcamps, etc. You're more likely to find people for whom the EA message will stick in those subgroups. 

Personally, I'm 18 and I'm part of this program where youth are trained in entrepreneurial and technical skills to solve global programs. I discovered EA 2 years ago and have since been trying to spread it to others in this program, since I know the people there will be very interested in its principles. Regardless of whether they're 14 or 18. 

Get Russians out of Russia

Which actions can which stakeholders take to act on this?

23 career choice heuristics

Regarding bottleneck skills of the future - I think one skill here is understanding network science. (In progress notes here :D)

A lot of people are decentralising _________ these days :D But network scientists have clear ways to measure the 'degree' of decentralisation and the pros/cons of that degree. Ex: Resiliency to shocks, speed of decision-making, stability of connections. 

I think that'll be more useful in scaling/maintaining decentralised _______ instead of starting decentralised _______.

23 career choice heuristics

Could you please explain the "moments of progress" in your life? I didn't quite understand :/

"Moments of progress - notice where progress happens in your life and find a career path that integrates those"

Edit: my best guess is that you're referring to doing actions that turn out to help you in moments of your life where you have a high 'activation potential'. Ex: When you're in university and have a lot of talented people to work with. Ex: When you're going to be at a conference and have a lot of experts in one field to learn from. 

AMA: Seth Baum, Global Catastrophic Risk Institute

This is a very comprehensive answer! I especially appreciate your summary up top and you linking to sources. Thank you :-)

AMA: Seth Baum, Global Catastrophic Risk Institute

Let's compare the existing initiatives against different catastrophic risks (especially AI, nuclear weapons, asteroid impacts, extreme climate change, and biosecurity). 

Which of these areas do you think are most conducive to market oriented solutions? Which do you think are most conducive to government oriented solutions? And which do you think are most conducive to philanthropic solutions?

If that's too broad, feel free to focus on the most common type of initiative in each area instead of the areas as a whole :D

AMA: Seth Baum, Global Catastrophic Risk Institute

Let's compare the existing initiatives against different catastrophic risks (especially AI, nuclear weapons, asteroid impacts, extreme climate change, and biosecurity). 

Which of these areas do you think <10 individuals could make the most impact in? Those 10 individuals could be the most powerful lawmakers, the most brilliant researchers, the greatest startup founders, whatever. 

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