When performing qualitative research (say, ethnographic analysis from observations and interviews), do experts perform much better than, say, smart and motivated undergrads with a good framework? I guess that designing a good framework is very expertise-dependent, but I am also not sure to what extent and how much this skill is needed (as opposed to there existing enough existing frameworks to choose from adequately).
- Are skills developed while increasing expertise makes one's result better in the eyes of other expert researchers?
- Are expert estimation of the scientific merit of such results in fact indicative of gaining much more valuable information?
Say, psychoanalysis is debatably a related field in which one can become expert in the sense of (1) but perhaps the effects are similar to talking with inexperienced people (so (2) doesn't hold).
I guess that the answer is a resounding yes, but I don't really know. Coming from a quantitative background, I don't feel like I understand it enough.
This question is important to me in order to help someone I'm giving career advice to. Also, I'm generally interested in understanding more about research methods and their use in EA related works.