Just finished new book about FTX and Sam Bankman-Fried, launched today: "Going Infinite: The Rise and Fall of a New Tycoon" by Michael Lewis. The book itself is quite engaging and interesting, so I recommend it as a read.

The book talks about:

  • Early life and general personality
  • Working at Jane Steet Capital
  • Early days at Alameda and the falling out
  • A refreshed alameda
  • The early FTX days and actions of Sam
  • Post-FTX days, and where did the money go?

The book talks a decent bit about effective altruists in both good and bad light.

Some particularly interesting anecdotes and information according to the book (contains "spoilers"):

  • In early Alameda days, they apparently lost track of (as in, didn't know where it went) $ millions of XRP tokens, and Sam was just like "ehh, who cares, there is like 80% chance will show up eventually, so we can just count it as 80% of the value". This + general disorganisation + risk taking really pissed off many of the first wave of EAs working there, and a bunch of people left. Eventually, they actually "found" the XRP: it was in some crypto exchange they were using, and some software bug meant it was not labelled correctly, so they had to email them about it.
  • Where did all the lost FTX money go? At FTX the lack of organisation was similar, but much larger in scale. Last chapter has napkin calculations with in-goings vs out-goings for FTX. (Edit: See this below). While they clearly spent and lost lots of money, some of the assets were just lost track of because didn't care to keep track because other assets were so large that these were not that important/urgent. So far "the debtors have recovered approximately 7 billion dollars in assets, and they anticipate further recoveries", which could be an additional approx $7.2Billion to still be found (which might be sold for less as much of it non-cash, but at least $2Billion?), not even including potential clawbacks like investment into Anthropic. A naive reading suggests there could have been enough to repay all the affected customers?

EDIT: here is the "napkin math" given in the book of combined FTX+Alameda ingoings and outgoings over the course of a few years. So the question in the final chapters of the book is accounting for the $6 Billion discrepancy. The book clearly shows the customer funds were misused by Sam and Alameda, and the numbers are not to be taken at face value (for example, the profits at Alameda could be questioned), but possibly worth viewing at as a possible reference point for those interested in them but not willing to read the whole book:

Money In:

  • Customer Deposits: $15 billion
  • Investment from Venture Capitalists: $2.3 billion
  • Alameda Training Profits: $2.5 billion
  • FTX Exchange Revenues: $2 billion
  • Net Outstanding Loans from Crypto Lenders (mainly Genesis and BlockFi): $1.5 billion
  • Original Sale of FTT: $35 million
  • Total Money In: $23 billion

Money Out:

  • Return to Customers During the November Run: $5 billion
  • Amount Paid Out to CZ: $1.4 billion (excluding $500 million worth of FTT and $80 million worth of BNB tokens)
  • Sam's Private Investments: $4.4 billion (with at least $300 million paid for using shares and FTX)
  • Loans to Sam: $1 billion (used for political and EA donations to avoid stock dividends)
  • Loans to Nishad: $543 million (for similar purposes)
  • Endorsement Deals: $500 million (potentially more, including cases where FTX paid endorsers with FTX stock)
  • Buying and Burning Their Exchange Token FTT: $600 million
  • Out Expenses (Salaries, Lunch, Bahamas Real Estate): $1 billion
  • Total Money Out: $14.443 Billion

After the Crash:

  • $3 billion on hand.
  • $450 million stolen in hack


Here are the largest manifold markets on FTX repayment I could find for another reference point (note: still rather small):

Further Edit: Here are some other manifold markets:





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It is remarkable to me that the portrayal of EA in this book seemed more positive vibes than in a lot of popular articles about the actual charity stuff.

I do think the portrayal of EAs could be worse, but it's pretty bad? EAs are accused of being hypocritical (e.g., way more concerned with money than they would care to admit), culty, overly trusting, overconfident, and generally uncool.

I'd say there are two main aspects that impact negatively on EA portrayal. One I've mentioned below - Lewis goes out of his way to establish that the inner circle were 'the EAs', and implicitly seems to be making the point that Sam's mentality is a perfect match to EA mentality. But much more damning is how he depicts The Schism in early Alameda. Even though he is practically siding with Sam in the dispute, from what he describes it beggars belief how the EA community -and more so its top figures- didn't react in a stronger way after hearing what the Alameda quitters were saying. The pattern of the early Alameda mess very eerily prefigured what would happen, and Sam's shadiness. 

Creditors are expected by manifold markets to receive only 40c on each dollar that was invested on the platform (I didn't notice this info in the post when I previously viewed it). And, we do know why there is money missing: FTX stole it and invested it in their hedge fund, which gambled away and lost the money.

There's also fairly robust market for (at least larger) real-money claims against FTX with prices around 35-40 cents on the dollar. I'd expect recovery to be somewhat higher in nominal dollars, because it may take some time for distributions to occur and that is presumably priced into the market price. (Anyone with a risk appetite for buying large FTX claims probably thinks their expected rate of return on their next-best investment choice is fairly high, implying a fairly high discount rate is being applied here.)

It is a bit disheartening to see that some readers will take the book at face value.

Yes, instead they should take a play money low liquidity prediction market at face value

How about looking at the evidence instead? A large amount of which will soon be evaluated in public court, including testimony from co-conspirators, which is not looking good for SBF

It's kinda dumb to speculate now when we are getting a ton of extra evidence in the next month, but I personally think there's bugger all chance that all the missing billions are recovered. 

I've added manifold markets and more details from the book, not to be fully trusted on face value. Thought they spent/lost a lot of money, and misused funds in Alameda, they had huge amounts of money, so the book figures suggest that might not account for all the customer funds to be lost (if one writes off VC investment and similar)

Adding an article from the Chronicle of Philantrophy for reference:

https://www.philanthropy.com/article/this-is-effective-altruism-new-book-offers-unflattering-glimpses-of-sam-bankman-frieds-philanthropy (free registration required)

I have not read Lewis' book, but the article appears to summarize several themes in the book related to EA. It is, as the title suggests, not a pro-EA piece.

Reading the book right now like everybody else, I guess. If Lewis is to be believed (complex in parts, as he is clearly seeing all this through Sam-tinted glasses), ALL the members of his inner circle (Caroline, but also Nishad and Wang) were committed EAs, which is something I find disturbing.

I didn’t think that was new information?

It was for me. Also, I had read about Tara and others leaving Alameda and having issues with Sam, but not the gory details.

That assessment seems accurate to me fwiw. 

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