The details surrounding FLI's rejection of a grant proposal from Nya Dagbladet  last November has raised controversy and important questions (including here on this forum) which we address in this FAQ.

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I think some of us owe FLI an apology for assuming heinous intentions where a simple (albeit dumb) mistake was made.

I can imagine this must have been a very stressful period for the entire team, and I hope we as a community become better at waiting for the entire picture instead of immediately reacting and demanding things left and right.

I just wanted to chip in to say that this does indeed seem like this has been a very stressful period for the team.

I cannot read their minds but it certainly seems possible to me that part of the reason some folks could find a situation like this stressful is precisely because they felt that some of the objections and critical comments were reasonable.

The statement says in point 8 of the FAQ (my emphasis)

The way we see it, we rejected a grant proposal that deserved to be rejected, and challenging, reasonable questions have been asked as to why we initially considered it and didn’t reject it earlier. We deeply regret that we may have inadvertently compromised the confidence of our community and constituents. This causes us huge distress, as does the idea that FLI or its personnel would somehow align with ideologies to which we are fundamentally opposed. We are working hard to continue improving the structure and process of our grantmaking processes, including more internal and (in appropriate cases) external review.  For starters, for organizations not already well-known to FLI or clearly unexceptionable (e.g. major universities), we will request and evaluate more information a

... (read more)
2
ChanaMessinger
1y
Strong agree with "just because something was hard for staff, doesn't necessarily mean it was hard because the critical comments were wrong/misguided.", though I think "part of the reason some folks could find a situation like this stressful is precisely because they felt that some of the objections and critical comments were reasonable" doesn't differentiate between different worlds - I think there would be a lot of flurry and frenzy and stress basically independently of reasonableness of critique (within some bounds).
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titotal
1y
To be fair, the initial statement was incredibly bad, and I do not regret condemning it. They were extremely defensive in response to very obvious and reasonable questions, and were very ignorant about the nature of the newspaper in question.  I think if we had refrained from criticizing their initial statement, their final, formal statement would be a lot worse, so if anything, we did them a favour. But I do agree that speculation of Max being a nazi of something were unwarranted.  edit: After reading some of the comments below, I think my initial statement here was unnecessarily glib. There were definitely comments attacking Max that jumped to conclusions and were far too quick to assume extreme malice, and I don't think he should be grateful for those. I still maintain that the original statement was poor and that criticism and questions were warranted. 

The timeline (in PT time zone) seems to be:

Jan 13, 12:46am: Expo article published.

Jan 13, 4:20am: First mention of this on the EA Forum.

Jan 13, 6:46am: Shakeel Hashim (speaking for himself and not for CEA; +110 karma, +109 net agreement as of the 15th) writes, "If this is true it's absolutely horrifying.  FLI needs to give a full explanation of what exactly happened here and I don't understand why they haven't. If FLI did knowingly agree to give money to a neo-Nazi group, that’s despicable.  I don't think people who would do something like that ought to have any place in this community."

Jan 13, 9:18pm: Shakeel follows up, repeating that he sees no reason why FLI wouldn't have already made a public statement that it's really weird that FLI hasn't already made a public statement, and raises the possibility that FLI has maybe done sinister questionably-legal things and that's why they haven't spoken up.

Jan 14, 3:43am: You (titotal) comment,  "If the letter is genuine (and they have never denied that it is), then someone at FLI is either grossly incompetent or malicious. They need to address this ASAP. "

Jan 14, 8:16am: Jason comments (+15 karma, +13 net agreement a... (read more)

Thanks for calling me out on this — I agree that I was too hasty to call for a response.

I’m glad that FLI has shared more information, and that they are rethinking their procedures as a result of this. This FAQ hasn’t completely alleviated my concerns about what happened here — I think it’s worrying that something like this can get to the stage it did without it being flagged (though again, I'm glad FLI seems to agree with this). And I also think that it would have been better if FLI had shared some more of the FAQ info with Expo too.

I do regret calling for FLI to speak up sooner, and I should have had more empathy for the situation they were in. I posted my comments not because I wanted to throw FLI under the bus for PR reasons, but because I was feeling upset; coming on the heels of the Bostrom situation I was worried that some people in the EA community were racist or at least not very sensitive about how discussions of race-related things can make people feel. At the time, I wanted to do my bit to make it clear — in particular to other non-white people who felt similarly to me — that EA isn’t racist. But I could and should have done that in a much better way. I’m sorry.

Ruby
1y46
14
3

Hey Shakeel,

Thank you for making the apology, you have my approval for that! I also like your apology on the other thread – your words are hopeful for CEA going in a good direction.

Some feedback/reaction from me that I hope is helpful. In describing your motivation for the FLI comment, you say that it was not to throw FLI under the bus, but because of your fear that some people would think EA is racist, and you wanted to correct that. To me, that is a political motivation, not much different from a PR motivation.

To gesture at the difference (in my ontology) between PR/political motivations and truth-seeking motivations:

PR/political

  • you want people to believe a certain thing (even if it's something you yourself sincerely believe), in this case, that EA is not racist
  • it's about managing impressions and reputations (e.g. EA's reputation as not racist)

Your initial comment (and also the Bostrom email statement) both struck me as "performative" in how they demonstrated really harsh and absolute condemnation ("absolutely horrifying", "[no] place in this community", "recklessly flawed and reprehensible" – granted that you said "if true", but the tone and other comments seemed to suggest you ... (read more)

To me, the ideal spirit is "let me add my cognition to the collective so we all arrive at true beliefs" rather than "let me tug the collective beliefs in the direction I believe is correct" or "I need to ensure people believe the correct thing." 

I like this a lot.

I'll add that you can just say out loud "I wish other people believed X" or "I think the correct collective belief here would be X", in addition to saying your personal belief Y.

(An example of a case where this might make sense: You think another person or group believes Z, and you think they rationally should believe X instead, given the evidence available to them. You yourself believe a more-extreme proposition Y, but you don't think others have enough evidence to believe Y yet -- e.g., your belief may be based on technical expertise or hard-won life-experience that the other parties don't have.)

It's possible to care about the group's beliefs, and try to intervene on them, in a way that's honest and clear about what you're doing.

8
RobBensinger
1y
Speaking locally to this point: I don't think I agree! My first-pass take is that if something's horrible, reprehensible, flawed, etc., then I think EAs should just say so. That strikes me as the default truth-seeking approach.[1] There might be second-order reasons to be more cautious about when and how you report extreme negative evaluations (e.g., to keep forum discussions from degenerating as people emotionally trigger each other), but I would want to explicitly flag that this is us locally departing from the naive truth-seeking approach ("just say what seems true to you") in the hope that the end result will be more truth-seeky via people having an easier time keeping a cool head. (Note that I'm explicitly responding to the 'extreme language' side of this, not the 'was this to some extent performative or strategic?' side of things.) 1. ^ With the caveat that maybe evaluative judgments in general get in the way of truth-seeking, unless they're "owned" NVC-style, because of common confusions like "thinking my own evaluations are mind-independent properties of the world". But if we're allowing mild evaluative judgments like "OK" or "fine", then I think there's less philosophical basis for banning more extreme judgments like "awesome" or "terrible".
Ruby
1y13
1
0

I think I agree with your clarification and was in fact conflating the mere act of speaking with strong emotion with speaking in a way that felt more like a display. Yeah, I do think it's a departure from naive truth-seeking.

In practice, I think it is hard, though I do think it is hard for the second order reasons you give and others. Perhaps an ideal is people share strong emotion when they feel it, but in some kind of format/container/manner that doesn't shut down discussion or get things heated. "NVC" style, perhaps, as you suggest.

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ChanaMessinger
1y
Fwiw, I do think "has no place in the community" without being owned as "no place in my community" or "shouldn't have a place in the community" is probably too high a simulacrum level by default (though this isn't necessarily a criticism of Shakeel, I don't remember what exactly his original comment said.)
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RobBensinger
1y
Cool. :) I think we broadly agree, and I don't feel confident about what the ideal way to do this is, though I'd be pretty sad and weirded out by a complete ban on expressing strong feelings in any form.
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ChanaMessinger
1y
Really appreciated a bunch about this comment. I think it's that it: * flags where it comes from clearly, both emotionally and cognitively * expresses a pragmatism around PR and appreciation for where it comes from that to my mind has been underplayed * Does a lot of "my ideal EA", "I" language in a way that seems good for conversation * Adds good thoughts to the "what is politics" discussion
-2
Sharmake
1y
IMO, I think this is an area EA needs to be way better in. For better or worse, most of the world runs on persuasion, and PR matters. The nuanced truth doesn't matter that much for social reality, and EA should ideally be persuasive and control social reality.
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Lumpyproletariat
1y
I think the extent to which nuanced truth does not matter to "most of the world" is overstated.  I additionally think that EA should not be optimizing for deceiving people who belong to the class "most of the world". Both because it wouldn't be useful if it worked (realistically most of the world has very little they are offering) and because it wouldn't work. I additionally think think that trying to play nitwit political games at or around each hecking other would kill EA as a community and a movement dead, dead, dead.

Thanks for this Shakeel. This seems like a particularly rough time to be running comms for CEA. I’m grateful that in addition to having that on your plate, in your personal capacity you’re helping to make the community feel more supportive for non-white EAs feeling the alienation you point to. Also for doing that despite the emotional labour involved in that, which typically makes me shy away from internet discussions.

Responding swiftly to things seems helpful in service of that support. One of the risks from that is that you can end up taking a particular stance immediately and then it feeling hard to back down from that. But in fact you were able to respond swiftly, and then also quickly update and clearly apologise. Really appreciate your hard work!

(Flag that Shakeel and I both work for EV, though for different orgs under that umbrella)

I liked this apology.

Hey Shakeel, thanks for your apology and update (and I hope you've apologized to FLI). Even though call-out culture may be popular or expected in other contexts, it is not professional or appropriate for the Comms Head of CEA to initiate an interaction with an EA org by publicly putting them on blast and seemingly seconding what could be very damaging accusations (as well as inventing others by speculating about financial misconduct). Did you try to contact FLI before publicly commenting to get an idea of what happened (perhaps before they could prepare their statement)?

I appreciate that you apologized for this incident but I don't think you understand how deep of a problem this behavior is. Get an anonymous account if you want to shoot from the hip. When you do it while your bio says "Head of Communications at CEA" it comes with a certain weight. Multiplying unfounded accusations, toward another EA org no less, is frankly acting in bad faith in a communications role. 
 

Even though call-out culture may be popular or expected in other contexts, it is not professional or appropriate for the Comms Head of CEA to initiate an interaction with an EA org by publicly putting them on blast and seemingly seconding what could be very damaging accusations (as well as inventing others by speculating about financial misconduct). Did you try to contact FLI before publicly commenting to get an idea of what happened (perhaps before they could prepare their statement)?

For what it's worth, this seems like the wrong way around to me. I don't know exactly about the role and responsibilities of the "Head of Comm", but in-general I would like people in EA to be more comfortable criticizing each other, and to feel less constrained to first air all criticism privately and resolve things behind closed doors.

I think the key thing that went wrong here was the absence of a concrete logical argument or probabilities about why the thing that was happening was actually quite bad, and also the time pressure, which made the context of the conversation much worse. Another big thing was also jumping to conclusions about FLI's character in a way that felt like it was trying to apply direct political pressure instead of focusing on propagating accurate information.

it is not professional or appropriate for the Comms Head of CEA to initiate an interaction with an EA org by publicly putting them on blast and seemingly seconding what could be very damaging accusations

Maybe there are special rules that EA comms people (or the CEA comms person in particular) should follow; I possibly shouldn't weigh in on that, since I'm another EA comms person (working at MIRI) and might be biased.

My initial thought, however, is that it's good for full-time EAs on the current margin to speak more from their personal views, and to do less "speaking for the organizations". E.g., in the case of FTX, I think it would have been healthy for EAs working at full-time orgs to express their candid thoughts about SBF, both negative and positive; and for other professional EAs to give their real counter-arguments, and for a real discussion to thereby happen.

My criticism of Shakeel's post is very different from yours, and is about how truth-seeking the contents are and how well they incentivize truth-seeking from others, not about whether it's inherently unprofessional for particular EAs to strongly criticize other EAs.

Get an anonymous account if you want to shoot from the hi

... (read more)

Idk I think it might be pretty hard to have a role like Head of Communications at CEA and then separately communicate your personal views about the same topics. Your position is rather unique for allowing that. I don't see CEA becoming like MIRI in this respect. It comes across as though he's saying this in his professional capacity when you hover over his account name and it says "Head of Communications at CEA". 

But the thing I think is most important about Shakeel's job is that it means he should know better than to throw around and amplify allegations. A marked personal account would satisfy me but I would still hold it to a higher standard re:gossip since he's supposed to know what's appropriate. And I expect him to want EA orgs to succeed! I don't think premature callouts for racism and demands to have already have apologized are good faith criticism to strengthen the community.
 

And I expect him to want EA orgs to succeed!

[...] strengthen the community.

I mean, I want employees at EA orgs to try to make EA orgs succeed insofar as that does the most good, and try to make EA orgs fail insofar as that does the most good instead. Likewise, I want them to try to strengthen the EA community if their model says this is good, and to try to weaken it (or just ignore it) otherwise.

(Obviously, in each case I'd want them to be open and honest about what they're trying to do; you can oppose an org you think is bad without doing anything unethical or deceptive.)

I'm not sure what I think CEA's role should be in EA. I do feel more optimistic about EA succeeding if major EA orgs in general focus more on developing a model of the world and trying to do the most good under their idiosyncratic world-view, rather than trying to represent or reflect EA-at-large; and I feel more optimistic about EA if sending our best and brightest to work at EA orgs doesn't mean that they have to do massively more self-censoring now.

Maybe CEA or CEA-comms is an exception, but I'm not sold yet. I do think it's good to have high epistemic standards, but I see that as compatible with expressing personal feelings, criticizing other orgs, wanting specific EA orgs to fail, etc.

For what it’s worth, speaking as a non-comms person, I’m a big fan of Rob Bensinger style comms people. I like seeing him get into random twitter scraps with e/acc weirdos, or turning obnoxious memes into FAQs, or doing informal abstract-level research on the state of bioethics writing. I may be biased specifically because I like Rob’s contributions, and would miss them if he turned himself into a vessel of perfect public emptiness into which the disembodied spirit of MIRI’s preferred public image was poured, but, look, I also just find that type of job description obviously offputting. In general I liked getting to know the EAs I’ve gotten to know, and I don’t know Shakeel that well, but I would like to get to know him better. I certainly am averse to the idea of wrist slapping him back into this empty vessel to the extent that we are blaming him for carelessness even when he specifies very clearly that he isn’t speaking for his organization. I do think that his statement was hasty, but I also think we need to be forgiving of EAs whose emotions are running a bit hot right now, especially when they circle back to self-correct afterwards.

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RobBensinger
1y
I think this would also just be logically inconsistent; MIRI's preferred public image is that we not be the sort of org that turns people into vessels of perfect public emptiness into which the disembodied spirit of our preferred public image is poured.
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Devin Kalish
1y
I don't agree with MIRI on everything, but yes, this is one of the things I like most about it
2
Sabs
1y
"My initial thought, however, is that it's good for full-time EAs on the current margin to speak more from their personal views, and to do less "speaking for the organizations". E.g., in the case of FTX, I think it would have been healthy for EAs working at full-time orgs to express their candid thoughts about SBF, both negative and positive; and for other professional EAs to give their real counter-arguments, and for a real discussion to thereby happen." This seems a little naive. "We were all getting millions of dollars from this guy with billions to come, he's personal friends with all the movement leaders, but if we had had more open discussions we would not have taken the millions...really??" also if you're in line to get millions of $$$ from someone of course you are never going to share your candid thoughts about them publicly under your real name!  
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RobBensinger
1y
I didn't say a specific prediction about what would have happened differently if EAs had discussed their misgivings about SBF more openly. What I'd say is that if you took a hundred SBF-like cases with lots of the variables randomized, outcomes will be a lot better if people discuss early serious warning signs and serious misgivings in public. That will sometimes look like "turning down money", sometimes like "more people poke around to learn more", sometimes like "this person is less able to win others' trust via their EA associations", sometimes like "fewer EAs go work for this guy". Sometimes it won't do anything at all, or will be actively counterproductive, because the world is complicated and messy. But I think talking about this stuff and voicing criticisms is the best general policy, if we're picking a policy to apply across many different cases and not just using hindsight to ask what an omniscient person would do differently in the specific case of FTX. I mean, Open Philanthropy is MIRI's largest financial supporter, and
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RobBensinger
1y
Makes sense to me! I appreciate knowing your perspective better, Shakeel. :) On reflection, I think the thing I care about in situations like this is much more "mutual understanding of where people were coming from and where they're at now", whether or not anyone technically "apologizes". Apologizing is one way of communicating information about that (because it suggests we're on the same page that there was a nontrivial foreseeable-in-advance fuck-up), but IMO a comment along those lines could be awesome without ever saying the words "I'm sorry". One of my concerns about "I'm sorry" is that I think some people think you can only owe apologies to Good Guys, not to Bad Guys. So if there's a disagreement about who the Good Guys are, communities can get stuck arguing about whether X should apologize for Y, when it would be more productive to discuss upstream disagreements about facts and values. I think some people are still uncertain about exactly how OK or bad FLI's actions here were, but whether or not FLI fucked up badly here and whether or not FLI is bad as an org, I think the EA Forum's response was bad given the evidence we had at the time. I want our culture to be such that it's maximally easy for us to acknowledge that sort of thing and course-correct so we do better next time. And my intuition is that a sufficiently honest explanation of where you were coming from, that's sufficiently curious about and open to understanding others' perspectives, and sufficiently lacking in soldier-mindset-style defensiveness, can do even more than an apology to contribute to a healthy culture. (In this case the apology is to FLI/Max, not to me, so it's mostly none of my business. 😛 But since I called for "apologies" earlier, I wanted to consider the general question of whether that's the thing that matters most.)
-3
D0TheMath
1y
I find myself disliking this comment, and I think its mostly because it sounds like you 1) agree with many of the blunders Rob points out, yet 2) don’t seem to have learned anything from your mistake here? I don’t think many do or should blame you, and I’m personally concerned about repeated similar blunders on your part costing EA much loss of outside reputation and internal trust. Like, do you think that the issue was that you were responding in heat, and if so, will you make a future policy of not responding in heat in future similar situations? I feel like there are deeper problems here that won’t be corrected by such a policy, and your lack of concreteness is an impedance to communicating such concerns about your approach to CEA comms (and is itself a repeated issue that won’t be corrected by such a policy).
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RobBensinger
1y
FWIW, I don't really want Shakeel to rush into making public promises about his future behavior right now, or big public statements about long-term changes to his policies and heuristics, unless he finds that useful for some reason. I appreciated hearing his thoughts, and would rather leave him space to chew on things and figure out what makes sense for himself. If he or CEA make the wrong updates by my lights, then I expect that to be visible in future CEA/Shakeel actions, and I can just wait and criticize those when they happen.
Larks
1y83
27
9

FTX collapsed on November 8th; all the key facts were known by the 10th; CEA put out their statement on November 12th. This is a totally reasonable timeframe to respond. I would have hoped that this experience would make CEA sympathetic to a fellow EA org (with much less resources than CEA) experiencing a media crisis rather than being so quick to condemn.

I'm also not convinced that a Head of Communications, working for an organization with a very restrictive media policy for employees, commenting on a matter of importance for that organization, can really be said to be operating in a personal capacity. Despite claims to the contrary, I think it's pretty reasonable to interpret these as official CEA communications. Skill at a PR role is as much about what you do not say as what you do.

lc
1y74
36
0

The eagerness with which people rushed to condemn is frankly a warning sign for involution. We have to stop it with the pointless infighting or it's all we will end up doing.

Hi Rob!

Just a quick note to say I don't think everything in your comment above is entirely fair characterisation of the comments.

Two specific points (I haven't checked everything you say above, so I don't claim this is exhaustive):

  • I think you're mischaracterising Shakeel's 9.18pm response quite significantly. You paraphrased him as saying he sees no reason FLI wouldn't have released a public statement but that is I think neither the text nor the spirit of that comment. He specifically acknowledged he might be missing some reasons. He said he thinks the lack of response is "very weird" which seems pretty different to me to "I see no reason for this". Here's some quoting but it's so short people can just read the comment :P "Hi Jack — reasonable question! When I wrote this post I just didn't see what the legal problems might be for FLI... Jason's comment has made me realise there might be something else going on here, though; if that is the case then that would make the silence make more sense. I do still think it's very weird that FLI hasn't condemned Nya Dagbladet though"
  • You also left out that Shakeel did already apologise to Max Tegmark for in his words "jumping to conclusions" wh
... (read more)
3
RobBensinger
1y
Thanks for the response, Habiba. :) The comments are short enough that I should probably just quote them here: Comment 1: "The following is my personal opinion, not CEA's. If this is true it's absolutely horrifying.  FLI needs to give a full explanation of what exactly happened here and I don't understand why they haven't. If FLI did knowingly agree to give money to a neo-Nazi group, that’s despicable.  I don't think people who would do something like that ought to have any place in this community." Comment 2: "Hi Jack — reasonable question! When I wrote this post I just didn't see what the legal problems might be for FLI. With FTX, there are a ton of complications, most notably with regards to bankruptcy/clawbacks, and the fact that actual crimes were (seemingly) committed. This FLI situation, on face value, didn't seem to have any similar complications — it seemed that something deeply immoral was done, but nothing more than that. Jason's comment has made me realise there might be something else going on here, though;  if that is the case then that would make the silence make more sense. I do still think it's very weird that FLI hasn't condemned Nya Dagbladet though — CEA did, after all, make it very clear very quickly what our stance on SBF was." My summary of comment 2: "Shakeel follows up, repeating that he sees no reason why FLI wouldn't have already made a public statement, and raises the possibility that FLI has maybe done sinister questionably-legal things and that's why they haven't spoken up." I think this is a fine summary of the gist of Shakeel's comment — obviously there isn't literally "no reason" here (that would contradict the very next part of my sentence, "and raises the possibility that FLI has maybe done sinister questionably-legal things and that's why they haven't spoken up"), but there's no good reason Shakeel can see, and Shakeel reiterates that he thinks "it's very weird that FLI hasn't condemned Nya Dagbladet". The main thing I was t
1
tomrowlands
1y
Agree. Should have added those to my own comment, but felt like I'd already spent too much time on it!
1
Habiba Banu
1y
I also spent too much time on comments :P

I upvoted this, but disagreed. I think the timeline would be better if it included:

November 2022: FLI inform Nya Dagbladet Foundation (NDF) that they will not be funding them

15 December 2022: FLI learn of media interest in the story

I therefore don't think it's "absurd" to have expected FLI to have repudiated NDF sooner. You could argue that by apologising for their mistake before the media interest does more harm than good by drawing attention to it (and by association, to NDF), but once they became aware of the media attention, I think they should have issued something more like their current statement

I also agreed with the thrust of titotal's comment that their first statement was woefully inadequate (it was more like "nothing to see here" than "oh damn, we seriously considered supporting an odious publication and we're sorry"). I don't think lack of time gets them off the hook here, given they should have expected Expo to publish at some point.

I don't think anyone owes an apology for expecting FLI to do better than this.

(Note: I appreciate Max Tegmark was dealing with a personal tragedy (for which, my condolences) at the time of it becoming 'a thing' on the EA Forum, so I... (read more)

3
RobBensinger
1y
Yeah, if the early EA Forum comments had explicitly said "FLI should have said something public about this as soon as they discovered that NDF was bad", "FLI should have said something public about this as soon as Expo contacted them", or "FLI should have been way more response to Expo's inquiries" -- and if we'd generally expressed a lot more uncertainty and been more measured in what we said in the first few days -- then I might still have disagreed, but I wouldn't have seen this as an embarrassingly bad response in the same way. I, as a casual reader who wasn't trying to carefully track all the timestamps, had no idea when I first skimmed these threads on Jan. 13-14 that the article had only come out a few hours ago, and I didn't track timestamps carefully enough to register just how fast the EA Forum went from "a top-level post exists about this at all" to "wow, FLI is stonewalling us" and "wow, there must be something really sinister here given that FLI still hasn't responded". I feel like I was misled by these comments, because I just took for granted (to some degree) that the people writing these highly upvoted comments were probably not saying something transparently silly. If a commenter like Jason thought that FLI was "stonewalling" because they didn't release a public statement about this in December, then it's important to be explicit about that, so casual readers don't come away from the comment section thinking that FLI is displaying some amazing level of unresponsiveness to the forum post or to the news article. This is less obvious to me, if they didn't owe a public response before Expo reached out to them. A lot of press inquiries don't end up turning into articles, and if the goal is to respond to press coverage, it's often better to wait and see what's in the actual article, since you might end up surprised about the article's contents. "Do better than this", notably, is switching out concrete actions for a much more general question, one that

Thanks for this comment and timeline, I found it very useful.

I agree that "respond within two hours of a 7am forum post" seems like an unreasonable standard, and  I also agree that some folks rushed too quickly to condemn FHI or make assumptions about Tegmark's character/choices.

I do want to illustrate a related point:
When the Bostrom news hit, many folks jumped to defend Bostrom's apology as reasonable because it consisted of statements that Bostrom believed to be true, and that this reflects truth-seeking and good epistemics, and this should be something that the forum and community should uphold.

But if I look at Jason's comment, "So, unless there is a satisfactory explanation forthcoming, the stonewalling strongly points to a more sinister one."

There is actually nothing technically untrue about this statement? There WAS a satisfactory explanation that eventuated.

Similarly, if I look at Shakeel's comment, the condemnation is conditional on if the events happened: "If this is true it's absolutely horrifying", "If FLI did knowingly agree to give money to a neo-Nazi group, that’s despicable", "I don't think people who would do something like that ought to have any place in this... (read more)

There is actually nothing technically untrue about this statement? 

[...]

Do you have any thoughts on the explanations for what seem like an inconsistent application of upholding these standards? It might not even be accurately characterized as an inconsistency, I'm likely missing something here.


"Technically not saying anything untrue" isn't the same as "exhibiting a truth-seeking attitude."

I'd say truth-seeking attitude would have been more like "Before we condemn FLI, let's make sure we understand their perspective and can assess what really happened." Perhaps accompagnied by "I agree we should condemn them harshly if the reporting is roughly as it looks like right now." Similar statement, different emphasis. Shakeel's comment did appropriate hedging, but its main content was sharing a (hedged) judgment/condemnation.

Edit: I still upvoted your comment for highlighting that Shakeel (and Jason) hedged their comments. I think that's mostly fine! In hindsight, though, I agree with the sentiment that the community discussion was tending towards judgment a bit too quickly. 

Thanks for the engagement Lukas, have upvoted.

I agree with the sentiment that the community discussion was tending towards judgment a bit too quickly. 

Yeah, I agree! I think my main point is to illustrate that the impression you got of the community discussion "tending towards judgement a bit too quickly" is pretty reasonable despite the technically true statements that they made, because of a reading of a subtext, including what they didn't say or choose to focus on, instead of the literal text alone, which I felt like was a major crux between those who thought Bostrom's apology was largely terrible VS. those who thought Bostrom's apology was largely acceptable.

"Technically not saying anything untrue" isn't the same as "exhibiting a truth-seeking attitude."

Likewise, I also agree with this! I think what I'm most interested in here is like, what you (or others) think separates the two in general, because my guess is those who were upset with Bostrom's apology would also agree with this statement. I think the crux is more likely that they would also think this statement applies to Bostrom's comments (i.e. they were closer to "technically not saying anything untrue", rather than ... (read more)

That makes sense – I get why you feel like there are double standards. 

I don't agree that there necessarily are.

Regarding Bostrom's apology, I guess you could say that it's part of "truth-seeking" to dive into any mistakes you might have made and acknowledge everything there is to acknowledge. (Whether we call it "truth-seeking" or not, that's certainly how apologies should be, in an ideal world.) On this point, Bostrom's apology was clearly suboptimal. It  didn't acknowledge that there was more bad stuff to the initial email than just the racial slur.

Namely, in my view, it's not really defensible to say "technically true" things without some qualifying context, if those true things are easily interpreted in a misleadingly-negative or harmful-belief-promoting way on their own or even interpreted as, as you say, "racist dogwhistles." (I think that phrase is sometimes thrown around so lightly that it seems a bit hysterical, but it does seem appropriate for the specific example of the sentence Bostrom claimed he "likes.") 

Take for example a newspaper reporting on a person with autism who committed a school shooting. Given the widespread stigma against autism, it would b... (read more)

6
pseudonym
1y
I found myself agreeing with a lot of this. Thanks for your nuanced take on truth-seeking ideals, I appreciated the conversation!

I wanted to say a bit about the "vibe" / thrust of this comment when it comes to community discourse norms...

(This is somewhat informed by your comments on twitter / facebook which themselves are phrased more strongly than this and are less specific in scope )

I suspect you and I agree that we should generally encourage posters to be charitable in their takes and reasonable in their requests - and it would be bad overall for discussions in general where this not the case. Being angry on the internet is often not at all constructive!

However, I think that being angry or upset where it seems like an organisation has done something egregious is very often an appropriate emotional response to feel. I think that the ideal amount of expressing that anger / upset that  community norms endorse is non-zero! And yes when people are hurt they may go somewhat too far in what they request / suggest / speculate. But again the optimal amount of "too strong requests" is non-zero.

I think that expressing those feeling of hurt / anger / upset explicitly (or implicitly expressing them through the kinds of requests one is making) has many uses and there are costs to restricting it too much.

Some uses... (read more)

I see "clearly expressing anger" and "posting when angry" as quite different things.

I endorse the former, but I rarely endorse the latter, especially in contexts like the EA Forum.

Let's distinguish different stages of anger:

The "hot" kind—when one is not really thinking straight, prone to exaggeration and uncharitable interpretations, etc.

The "cool" kind—where one can think roughly as clearly about the topic as any other.

We could think of "hot" and "cold" anger as a spectrum.

Most people experience hot anger from time to time. But I think EA figures—especially senior figures—should model a norm of only posting on the EA Forum when fairly cool.

My impression is that, during the Bostrom and FLI incidents, several people posted with considerably more hot anger than I would endorse. In these cases, I think the mistake has been quite harmful, and may warrant public and private apologies.

As a positive example: Peter Hurford's blog post, which he described as "angry", showed a level of reasonableness and clarity that made it, in my mind, "above the bar" to publish. The text suggests a relatively cool anger. I disagree with some parts of the post, but I am glad he published it. At the me... (read more)

2
RobBensinger
1y
I'm not sure how I feel about this proposed norm. I probably think that senior EA figures should at least sometimes post when they're feeling some version of "hot anger", as opposed to literally never doing this. The way you defined "cool vs. hot" here is that it's about thinking straight vs. not thinking straight. Under that framing, I agree that you shouldn't post comments when you have reason to suspect you might temporarily not be thinking straight. (Or you should find a way to flag this concern in the comment itself, e.g., with an epistemic status disclaimer or NVC-style language.) But you also call these "different stages of anger", which suggests a temporal interpretation: hot anger comes first, followed by cool. And the use of the words "hot" and "cool", to my ear, also suggests something about the character of the feeling itself. I feel comfortable suggesting that EAs self-censor under the "thinking straight?" interpretation. But if you're feeling really intense emotion and it's very close in time to the triggering event, but you think you're nonetheless thinking straight — or you think you can add appropriate caveats and context so people can correct for the ways in which you're not thinking straight — then I'm a lot more wary about adding a strong "don't say what's on your mind" norm here.
6
RobBensinger
1y
I think "charity" isn't quite the right framing here, but I think we should encourage posters to really try to understand each other; to ask themselves "what does this other person think the physical world is like, and what evidence do I have that it's not like that?"; to not exaggerate how negative their takes are; and to be mindful of biases and social dynamics that often cause people to have unrealistically negative beliefs about The Other Side. I 100% agree! I happened to write something similar here just before reading your comment. :) From my perspective, the goal is more "have accurate models" and "be honest about what your models are". In interpersonal contexts, the gold standard is often that you're able to pass someone else's ideological Turing Test. Sometimes, your model really is that something is terrible! In cases like that, I think we should be pretty cautious about discouraging people from sharing what they really think about the terrible thing. (Like, I think "be civil all the time", "don't rock the boat", "be very cautious about criticizing other EAs" is one of the main processes that got in the way of people like me hearing earlier about SBF's bad track record — I think EAs in the know kept waaay too quiet about this information.) It's true that there are real costs to encouraging EAs to routinely speak up about their criticisms — it can make the space feel more negative and aversive to a lot of people, which I'd expect to contribute to burnout and to some people feeling less comfortable honestly expressing their thoughts and feelings. I don't know what the best solution is (though I think that tech like NVC can help a whole lot), but I'd be very surprised if the best solution involved EAs never expressing actually intense feelings in any format, no matter how much the context cries for it. Sometimes shit's actually just fucked up, and I'd rather a community where people can say as much (even if not everyone agrees) than one where we're all

Just a quick note to say thanks for such a thoughtful response! <3

I think you're doing a great job here modelling discourse norms and I appreciate the substance of your points! 

 

Ngl I was kinda trepidatious opening the forum... but the reasonableness of your reply and warmth of your tone is legit making me smile! (It probably doesn't hurt that happily we agree more than I realised. :P )

I may well write a litte more substantial response at some point but will likely take a weekend break :)

P.S. Real quick re social media... Things I was thinking about were phrases from fb like "EAs f'd up" and the "fairly shameful initial response"- which I wondered if were stronger than you were expressing here but probably just you saying the same thing. And in this twitter thread you talk about the "cancel mob" - but I think you're talking there are about a general case. You don't have to justify yourself on those I'm happy to read it all via the lens of the comments you've written on this post.

Aw, that makes me really happy to hear. I'm surprised that it made such a positive difference, and I update that I should do it more!

(The warmth part, not the agreement part. I can't really control the agreement part, if we disagree then we're just fucked. 🙃😛)

Re the social media things: yeah, I stand by that stuff, though I basically always expect reasonable people to disagree a lot about exactly how big a fuck-up is, since natural language is so imprecise and there are so many background variables we could disagree on.

I feel a bit weird about the fact that I use such a different tone in different venues, but I think I like this practice for how my brain works, and plan to keep doing it. I definitely talk differently with different friends, and in private vs. public, so I like the idea of making this fact about me relatively obvious in public too.

I don't want to have such a perfect and consistent public mask/persona that people think my public self exactly matches my private self, since then they might come away deceived about how much to trust (for example) that my tone in a tweet exactly matches the emotions I was feeling when I wrote it.

I want to be honest in my private and pu... (read more)

9
RobBensinger
1y
This is maybe more of a problem for me than for other people: I'm constantly going on about what a big fan of candor and blurting I am, so I think there's more risk of people thinking I'm a 100% open book, compared to the risk a typical EA faces. So, to be clear: I don't advocate that EAs be 100% open books. And separately, I don't perfectly live up to my own stated ideals.

Like, I think an early comment like this would have been awesome (with apologies to Shakeel for using his comments as an example, and keeping in mind that this is me cobbling something together rather than something Shakeel endorses):

 

Note: The following is me expressing my own feelings and beliefs. Other people at CEA may feel differently or have different models, and I don't mean to speak for them.

If this is true then I feel absolutely horrified. Supporting neo-Nazi groups is despicable, and I don't think people who would do something like that ought to have any place in this community. [mention my priors about how reliable this sort of journalism tends to be] [mention my priors about FLI's moral character, epistemics, and/or political views, or mention that I don't know much about FLI and haven't thought about them before] Given that, [rough description of how confident I feel that FLI would financially support a group that they knew had views like Holocaust-denialism].

But it's hard to be confident about what happened based on a single news article, in advance of hearing FLI's side of things; and there are many good reasons it can take time to craft a complete and accurate ... (read more)

Haha this is a great hypothetical comment! 

The concreteness is helpful because I think my take is that, in general, writing something like this is emotionally exhausting  (not to mention time consuming!) - especially so if you've got skin in the game and across your life you often come up across things like this to respond to and you keep having the pressure to force your feelings into a more acceptable format.

I reckon that crafting a message like that if I were upset about something could well take half a work day. And I'd have in my head all the being upset / being angry / being scared people on the forum would find me unreasonable / resentful that people might find me unreasonable / doubting myself the whole time. (Though I know plausibly that I'm in part just the describing the human condition there. Trying to do things is hard...!)

Overall, I think I'm just more worried than you that requiring comments to be too far in this direction has too much of a chilling effect on discourse and is too costly for the individuals involved. And it really just is a matter of degree here and what tradeoffs we're willing to make.

(It makes me think it'd be an interesting excerise to write a number of hypothetical comments arrange them on a scale of how much they major on carefully explaining priors, caveating, communicating meta-level intention etc. and then see where we'd draw the line of acceptable / not!)

There's an angry top-level post about evaporative cooling of group beliefs in EA that I haven't written yet, and won't until it would no longer be an angry one. That might mean that the best moment has passed, which will make me sad for not being strong enough to have competently written it earlier. You could describe this as my having been chilled out of the discourse, but I would instead describe it as my politely waiting until I am able and ready to explain my concerns in a collected and rational manner.

I am doing this because I care about carefully articulating what I'm worried about, because I think it's important that I communicate it clearly. I don't want to cause people to feel ambushed and embattled; I don't want to draw battle lines between me and the people who agree with me on 99% of everything. I don't want to engender offense that could fester into real and lasting animosity, in the very same people who if approached collaboratively would pull with me to solve our mutual problem out of mutual respect and love for the people who do good.

I don't want to contribute to the internal divisions growing in EA. To the extent that it is happening, we should all prefer to nip th... (read more)

4
Un Wobbly Panda
1y
I think you are upset because FLI or Tegmark was wronged. Would you consider hearing another perspective about this?
7
Lumpyproletariat
1y
I barely give a gosh-guldarn about FLI or Tegmark outside of their (now reduced) capacity to reduce existential risk.   Obviously I'd rather bad things not happen to people and not happen to good people in particular, but I don't specifically know anyone from FLI and they are a feather on the scales next to the full set of strangers who I care about.
2
Un Wobbly Panda
1y
If Tegmark or FLI was wronged in the way your comments and others imply, you are correct and justified in your beliefs. But if the apology or the current facts do not make that status clear, there's an object level problem and it's bad to be angry that they are wronged, or build further arguments on that belief.
9
Lumpyproletariat
1y
I think it's pretty obvious at this point that Tegmark and FLI was seriously wronged, but I barely care about any wrong done to them and am largely uninterested in the question of whether it was wildly disproportionate or merely sickeningly disproportionate. I care about the consequences of what we've done to them. I care about how, in order to protect themselves from this community, the FLI is I care about how everyone who watched this happen will also realize the need to protect themselves from us by shuffling along and taking their own pulses. I care about the new but promising EAs who no one will take a chance on, the moonshots that won't be funded even though they'd save lives in expectation, the good ideas with "bad optics" that won't be acted on because of fear of backdraft on this forum. I care about the lives we can save if we don't rush to conclusions, rush to anger, if we can give each other the benefit of the doubt for five freaking minutes and consider whether it'd make any sense whatsoever for the accusation de jour to be what it looks like.
9
Un Wobbly Panda
1y
Getting to one object level issue: If what happened was that Max Tegmark or FLI gets many dubious grant applications, and this particular application made it a few steps through FLI's processes before it was caught, expo.se's story and the negative response you object to on the EA forum would be bad, destructive and false. If this was what happened, it would absolutely deserve your disapproval and alarm. I don't think this isn't true. What we know is: * An established (though hostile) newspaper gave an account with actual quotes from Tegmark that contradict his apparent actions  * The bespoke funding letter, signed by Tegmark, explicitly promising funding, "approved a grant" conditional on registration of the charity * The hiring of the lawyer by Tegmark When Tegmark edited his comment with more content, I'm surprised by how positive the reception of this edit got, which simply disavowed funding extremist groups.  I'm further surprised by the reaction and changing sentiment on the forum in reaction of this post, which simply presents an exonerating story. This story itself is directly contradicted by the signed statement in the letter itself.  Contrary to the top level post, it is false that it is standard practice to hand out signed declarations of financial support, with wording like "approved a grant" if substantial vetting remains. Also, it's extremely unusual for any non-profit to hire a lawyer to explain that a prospective grantee failed vetting in the application process. We also haven't seen any evidence that FLI actually communicated a rejection. Expo.se seems to have a positive record—even accepting the aesthetic here that newspapers or journalists are untrustworthy, it's costly for an outlet to outright lie or misrepresent facts.  There's other issues with Tegmark's/FLI statements (e.g. deflections about the lack of direct financial benefit to his brother, not addressing the material support the letter provided for registration/the reasonable su
3
RobBensinger
1y
Yep, I think it absolutely is. It's also not an accident that my version of the comment is a lot longer and covers more topics (and therefore would presumably have taken way longer for someone to write and edit in a way they personally endorsed). I don't think the minimally acceptable comment needed to be quite that long or cover quite that much ground (though I think it would be praiseworthy to do so), but directionally I'm indeed asking people to do a significantly harder thing. And I expect this to be especially hard in exactly the situations where it matters most. ❤ Yeah, that sounds all too realistic! I'm also imagining that while the author is trying to put together their comment, they might be tracking the fact that others have already rushed out their own replies (many of which probably suck from your perspective), and discussion is continuing, and the clock is ticking before the EA Forum buries this discussion entirely. (I wonder if there's a way to tweak how the EA Forum works so that there's less incentive to go super fast?) One reason I think it's worth trying to put in this extra effort is that it produces a virtuous cycle. If I take a bit longer to draft a comment I can more fully stand by, then other people will feel less pressure to rush out their own thoughts prematurely. Slowing down the discussion a little, and adding a bit more light relative to heat, can have a positive effect on all the other discussion that happens. I've mentioned NVC a few times, but I do think NVC is a good example of a thing that can help a lot at relatively little time+effort cost. Quick easy hacks are very good here, exactly because this can otherwise be such a time suck. A related hack is to put your immediate emotional reaction inside a 'this is my immediate emotional reaction' frame, and then say a few words outside that frame. Like: "Here's my immediate emotional reaction to the OP: [indented italicized text] And here are my first-pass thoughts about physi
8
RobBensinger
1y
To be clear, my criticism of the EA Forum's initial response to the Expo article was never "it's wrong to feel strong emotions in a context like this, and EAs should never publicly express strong emotions", and it also wasn't "it should have been obviously in advance to all EAs that this wasn't a huge deal". If you thought I was saying either of those things, then I probably fucked up in how I expressed myself; sorry about that! My criticism of the EA Forum's response was: * I think that EAs made factual claims about the world that weren't warranted by the evidence at the time. (Including claims about what FLI and Tegmark did, claims about their motives, and claims about how likely it is that there are good reasons for an org to want more than a few hours or days to draft a proper public response to an incident like this.) We were overconfident and following poor epistemic practices (and I'd claim this was noticeable at the time, as someone who downvoted lots of comments at the time). * Part of this is, I suspect, just some level of naiveté about the press, about the base rate of good orgs bungling something or other, etc. Hopefully this example will help people calibrate their priors slightly better. * I think that at least some EAs deliberately leaned into bad epistemic practices here, out of a sense that prematurely and overconfidently condemning FLI would help protect EA's reputation. * The EA Forum sort of "trapped" FLI, by simultaneously demanding that FLI respond extremely quickly, but also demanding that the response be pretty exhaustive ("a full explanation of what exactly happened here", in Shakeel's words) and across-the-board excellent (zero factual errors, excellent empathizing and excellent displays of empathy, good PR both for reaching EAs and for satisfying the larger non-EA public, etc.). This sort of trap is not a good way to treat anyone, including non-EAs. * I think that many EAs' words and upvote patterns at the time created a social s
6
Linch
1y
Minor point: I read Jason talking about "stonewalling" as referring to FLI's communications with Expo.se, not with the communications (or lack of) with EAs on this Forum.

The paragraph says:

I think it very likely that FLI would have made a statement here if there were an innocent or merely negligent explanation (e.g., the document is a forgery, or they got duped somehow into believing the grantee was related to FLI's stated charitable purposes and not pro-Nazi). So, unless there is a satisfactory explanation forthcoming, the stonewalling strongly points to a more sinister one.

The context is "FLI would have made a statement here", and the rest of comment doesn't make me think he's talking about Expo either. And it's in reply to Jack and Shakeel's comments, which both seem to be about FLI saying something publicly, not about FLI's interactions with Expo specifically.

And Jeff Kaufman replied to Jason to say "one thing to keep in mind is that organizations can take weirdly long times to make even super obvious public statements", and Jason responded "Good point." The whole context is very 'wow why has FLI not made a public statement', not 'wow why did FLI stonewall Expo'.

Still, I appreciate you raising the possibility, since there now seems to be inertia in this comment section against the people who were criticizing FLI, and the same good processes that would have helped people avoid rushing to conclusions in that case, should also encourage some amount of curiosity, patience, and uncertainty in this case.

As should be clear from follow-up comment posted shortly after that one, I was referring to the nearly one month that had passed between Expo reaching out to FLI and the publication of the article. When Jeff responded by noting reasons an organization might delay in making a statement, I wrote in reply: "A decision was made to send a response -- that sounds vaguely threatening/intimidating to my ears -- through FLI's lawyer within days."  [1]  Expo did allege a number of facts that I think can be fairly characterized as stonewalling. 

It's plausible that Expo is wildly misrepresenting the substance of its communications between it and FLI, but the article seems fairly well-sourced to me. If Expo's characterization of the correspondence was unfair, I would expect FLI's initial January 13 statement to have disclosed significant facts that FLI told Expo but it omitted from its article.

Of course, drawing adverse inferences because an organization hasn't provided a response within two hours of a forum discussion starting would be ridiculous (over a holiday weekend in the US no less!). I wouldn't have thought it was necessary to say that. However, based on the feedback I am... (read more)

5
RobBensinger
1y
My mistake! Sorry for misunderstanding your point, Jason. I really appreciate you clarifying here.
lc
1y32
11
9

I think if we had refrained from criticizing their initial statement, their final, formal statement would be a lot worse, so if anything, we did them a favour.

I don't think you have internalized the point: there was no misconduct. If their initial statement was insufficient to convince us of this, that is on us, not on them. Their job as a charity is not to manage a public persona so that you or me continue to look good by affiliation, it's to actually do good. Accusing them of secretly financing nazis because we're weak and afraid of being tarred by association is the exact reverse polar opposite of doing them a "favor".

1
titotal
1y
First, I'll state that allowing the grant to get past the vetting stage may not have been malicious, but it was incompetent. Tegmark has admitted as such, and proposed changes to remedy this. Finding out at least some of the insidious nature of the newspaper would have only have taken half an hour of googling.  The initial responses suggested either incompetence or malice on the part of FLI.  I think assuming it was malice was uncalled for and wrong, but it was at the very least a possibility.  Charities rely on donors. Donors do not like being associated with neo-nazis, however unfairly. Doing basic research on your funding partners is part of a charities job, to avoid exactly this situation. 
3
Lumpyproletariat
1y
It did not make it past the vetting stage.  They did not award the grant.
2
JWS
1y
FWIW, by FLI's own admission this is false - though perhaps you would call stage 5 (see below) the vetting stage. In section 4) What was the meaning of FLI's letter of intent? FLI lay out  7 general stages for grant decision-making. They say "This proposal made it through 4) in August, then was rejected in November during 5), never reaching 6) or 7)." Where Stage 2 was: 2) Evaluation and vetting And Stage 5 was: 5) Further due diligence on grantee So it would be more accurate to say that it made it past initial vetting, but not further due diligence, and no grant was awarded.
2
Lumpyproletariat
1y
Ah, I hadn't meant to use "vetting stage" as a term of art.

I'd like to ask people not to downvote titotal's comment below zero, because that also hides RobBensinger's timeline. I had to strong upvote the parent comment to make the timeline visible again.

2
LGS
1y
Sorry, I'm new here, and maybe I'm misunderstanding something, but... it seems pretty clear that FLI is lying in this statement? Like, here's the published evidence: https://expo.se/sites/default/files/ed-faksimil-loi.jpg And here is what they say at the end of the current FAQ: Do you not feel lied to? There's something wrong here. There's more to this story. Tegmark's brother published in this place. Expo says, reasonably: "Whether this connection is significant with regards to the promise of funding from Max Tegmark and the Future of Life Institute to Nya Dagbladet is one of the questions we have been trying to put to them, but neither Max Tegmark nor his brother Per Shapiro have commented." Yet this does not make it to the FAQ, somehow? Like, FLI just refuses to address the suspicious connection here, except to say that Max Tegmark wouldn't have been paid. You can apologize if you want, but I personally still feel lied to.

I'm glad that FLI put this FAQ out, but I'm nervous that several commenters are swinging from one opinion (boo, FLI) to the opposite (FLI is fine! Folks who condemned FLI were too hasty!) too quickly.  

This FAQ only slightly changed my opinion on FLI's grantmaking process. My best guess is that  something went very wrong with this particular grant process. My reasoning:

I'd be surprised if FLI's due diligence step is intended to be a substantial part of the assessment process. My guess it that due diligence might usually be more about formalities like answering - can we legally pay this person? Is the person is who they say they are? And not - Is this a good grant to make?

It seems like FLI would be creating a huge hassle  if they regularly sent out "intention to issue a grant" to prospective grantees (with the $ amount especially), only to withdraw support later. It would be harmful for the prospective grantees by giving them false hopes (could cause them to change their plans thinking the money is coming), and annoying for the grant maker because I suspect they'd be asked to explain why they changed their mind.  

If indeed FLI does regularly reject grants at due diligence stage, that would update me towards thinking nothing went too badly with this particular grant (and I'd like to know their reasons for doing that as I'm probably missing something). 

Note - I'm speaking for myself not CEA (where I work).

If indeed FLI does regularly reject grants at due diligence stage, that would update me towards thinking nothing went too badly with this particular grant

The FLI FAQ does say this:

...  4) [Inform the grantee of our intention to issue a grant] is done via an informal email, but in some cases (including this one), the grantee requested a letter of intent.

2[comment deleted]1y

I found this clear and reassuring. Thank you for sharing

LGS
1y16
7
4

What's clear and reassuring about it?

It remains the case that either FLI lied in their letter to NDF or else they are lying now. It really bothers me that people here are ignoring this fact!

Here is what FLI said to SND:

This letter is to confirm that the Future of Life Institute (FLI) has approved a grant in the amount of $100,000 to the Swedish foundation"Stiftelsen Nya Dagbladet" that is currently under registration. Because we are a non-profit organization under US law, we are only allowed to make grants to non-profit organizations; we hereby declare our intent to transfer the grant amount promptly once "Stiftelsen Nya Dagbladet" has been registered. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me at [redacted].

[emphasis added]


So, was the "intent to transfer the grant amount promptly" a lie, or are they lying now? Because right now they are saying that there was always going to be another due diligence phase.

I also have other gripes (I think FLI is dodging questions about the connections to Tegmark's brother, and Max Tegmark's original response a few days ago angrily denied that NDF is far-right or neo-Nazi and made no apologies for associating with them), but the... (read more)

Here's what I understand happened:

  1. FLI considers the grant to SND.
  2. FLI does some initial vetting and fails to discover important facts about Nya Dagbladet.
  3. FLI informs SND of its intent to issue the grant (because it does intend to do so).
  4. SND asks for a letter of intent in writing (possibly to include it in the filing to register as an official foundation), which FLI agrees to.
  5. FLI does fresh due diligence, uncovering issues.
  6. FLI informs SND they won't issue the grant after all.

This doesn't seem like lying to me -- the only issue I see is that the vetting at stage (2) wasn't good enough, and this seems like something FLI will work on improving. FLI's telling SND it intended to issue a grant would only seem like lying, I think, if FLI actually suspected it would discover issues with SND later on, or otherwise suspected they wouldn't actually end up issuing the grant. But presumably the vast majority of grants pass due diligence just fine, and FLI wouldn't have communicated an intent to issue the grant in the first place if it thought it wouldn't actually go through with it.

Is that really the way you see an "intent to transfer the grant amount promptly"? Sanjay, tell me with a

... (read more)
LGS
1y20
6
5

I will try to be kinder. Apologies, I am new here.

According to the letter FLI sent, the only reason they did not issue the grant already is the lack of registration. Assuming they did not lie, this means, hypothetically, if SND was registered, FLI would have granted them $100,000 instead of writing this letter.

Do you see the issue with FLI granting $100,000 to neo-Nazis? I understand that they didn't end up granting it, but according to the FLI letter that was a fluke. If SND happened to be registered, the grant would have been paid out. Or at least, that what the letter says. (They say clearly the grant has been approved, and the problem with paying it out is the registration.) 

Maybe they are lying in the letter! But if not, FLI was going to give $100,000 to neo-Nazis and lucked out due to the fact they weren't registered.

My problem now is that FLI does not express contrition for this. At no point do they go "oh no, we almost sent out $100,000 to neo-Nazis!" and at no point do they go "oh no, the letter we sent to SND said the grant has been approved when it wasn't, so that misleads people, we are so sorry for misleading people".

FLI says neither of these things. They pretend, instead, that they never sent out a letter approving the grant and intending to pay it out ASAP. They pretend they merely provisionally approved it subject to another vetting stage. But either that's false or else they lied in their letter.

This seems inaccurate. Yes, the original letter says that the grant has been approved. I am not too familiar with how these grants usually go, but the wording of the letter seems similar to what our local EA group received for our grant application, i.e. your grant has been approved, now fill out some due diligence forms please. I can imagine that people familiar with grantmaking are of the understanding that approving a grant does not entail an unconditional agreement that the grant will be paid out.

That is, SND was very likely aware that there was still a due diligence process to come. If the FAQ is to be believed, SND misrepresented their political positions, and thus they cannot complain about failing the due diligence step.

It would be helpful for tentative-grant approval letters to be clear about what the remaining conditions are. Unfortunately, this letter mentioned one specific condition and implied that payment would occur promptly after it was met, which could give the impression that other preconditions had been satisfied.

Like you, I have a hard time mustering any sympathy for the would-be grantee here. But I think it's easily foreseeable that an organization might show a letter like this to a third party in order to secure action by the third party. Indeed, that may be the most likely reason for requesting a formal letter of intent. Thus, the standard letter of intent should have language that is sufficient to put the third party on notice of the risk of rejection and nonpayment.

1
Tsunayoshi
1y
That seems right.
-1
LGS
1y
Please post the letter your local EA group received, then. I agree that if the norm is "everyone lies in grant commitment letters, that's normal", then it makes the story better. I do not actually believe there is such a norm (and of course, if there is one, it's a bad one). And if what you say is true, then the commitment letter is a lie, to be clear -- the letter specifically says the grant will be paid out promptly, as soon as SND registers as a non-profit. It clearly says this registration status is the only barrier left. When I was hired for a job, there was indeed a point at which I got an offer pending on a background check. But the offer letter was clear that this offer was conditional; this FLI letter is not like that.
3
Aleksi Maunu
1y
I think if I was issuing grants, I would use misleading language in such a letter to make it less likely that the grantee organization can't get registered for some bureaucracy reasons. It's possible to mention that to the grantee in an email or call too to not cause any confusion. My guess would be that that's what happened here but that's just my 2 cents. I have no relevant expertise.
2
LGS
1y
I agree this seems likely. I think it's bad to use misleading language to help neo-Nazi organizations pass bureaucratic checks, though, and I'm concerned that FLI showed no remorse for this. My guess is that what happened here is related to Tegmark's brother -- the brother wanted SND to be registered and had the organization ask FLI for a letter. I'm not sure, though, and I think the information we've received so far from FLI is insufficient and likely deceptive.
4
ChanaMessinger
1y
Is this different from how letters of intent usually work?
LGS
1y10
3
0

Let me register a strong prediction that normal granting agencies to not say they "approved a grant" and  "because we are a non-profit organization under US law, we are only allowed to make grants to non-profit organizations; we hereby declare our intent to transfer the grant amount promptly once [name] has been registered" if these are, in fact, false statements and there's another due diligence phase.

 

If I'm wrong and this is how normal letters of intent work, then -- to be 100% clear -- normal letters of intent are lies that mislead the public and can be used by neo-Nazis to convince people they mainstream. That is, after all, why SND asked for the letter.

Is it true, or is it not true, that the reason FLI did not already issue the grant was "because we [...] are only allowed to make grants to non-profit organizations"? The letter is very clear about this: the letter says if SND was registered as non-profit, they would already have the money. I see no other reading.

4
RobBensinger
1y
Upvoted!

8) What have we learned from this and how can we improve our grantmaking process?

The way we see it, we rejected a grant proposal that deserved to be rejected, and challenging, reasonable questions have been asked as to why we initially considered it and didn’t reject it earlier. We deeply regret that we may have inadvertently compromised the confidence of our community and constituents. This causes us huge distress, as does the idea that FLI or its personnel would somehow align with ideologies to which we are fundamentally opposed. We are working hard to continue improving the structure and process of our grantmaking processes, including more internal and (in appropriate cases) external review.  For starters, for organizations not already well-known to FLI or clearly unexceptionable (e.g. major universities), we will request and evaluate more information about the organization, its personnel, and its history before moving on to additional stages.

 

So. 

The FLI did nothing wrong. Their system worked fine. 

But we EAs of late are such a seething hive of anger-addled impatient fools, that a lie got halfway around the world before the truth laced up its shoes... (read more)

The FLI did nothing wrong.

I don't completely agree: grantmaking organizations shouldn't issue grant intent letters which imply this level of certainty before completing their evaluation. I expect one outcome here will be that FLI changes how they phrase letters they send at this stage to be clearer about what they actually represent, and this will be a good thing on its own where it helps grantees better understand where they are in the process and how confident to be about incoming funds.

I'm also not convinced that the stage at which this was caught is the stage at which their process was intended to catch it, but that wouldn't rise to the level of doing something wrong -- it would be small internal mistake if it hadn't been for the misleading letter.

Apparently FLI doesn't usually issue letters of intent at all, but the grantee requested it in this case.

Separate from the letter, there's a question of whether more vetting should occur at an earlier stage of FLI's process — either to save time and effort on FLI's part, or to avoid sending a bunch of grantees informal emails that get their hopes up, or because the overall amount of vetting in the process might be too low (even though in principle it could be that FLI is doing normal levels of vetting and just spacing it out weirdly).

I had to draft and re-draft the parent comment to write it without cursing. I am crying angry tears right now. Both are deeply out of character for me. 

I have been worn down.

lc
1y10
2
0

:(

I wrote this up a couple days ago and haven't gotten a chance to post it -- sorry if this is repetitive with other comments made since then.

I admit my reasoning here my be unduly sketchy: I'm trying to act on the view that EA forum commenting should be mainly recreational. But I was fairly surprised to see my opinion on this FAQ differed sharply from the other comments I read. On the one hand, signing off on a grant to a Holocaust denialist doesn't mean you're a bad person or your foundation isn't doing good work. On the other, it's a serious lapse in judgment that deserves some sort of root-cause analysis and attempts to fix the problem, which I don't see in the current FAQ, which I find to be an (understandably) one-sided PR document.  That's fine as far as it goes, but for me personally a good faith attempt to prove this was an isolated incident needs to go deeper and has to at the very least involve publicly posting the November correspondence rejecting the grant prior to the December media inquiry.

I admittedly don't understand Swedish politics or culture and may be misunderstanding the nature of Nya Dagbladet's political positioning or of the various documents disclosed. ... (read more)

I basically feel the same confusion and dissatisfaction that Josh is expressing here. This is a very big mistake. It doesn't feel to me like a misunderstanding that would be likely to happen in the normal course of business without several underlying things having gone quite wrong. I don't feel like I understand how those things went wrong, and so I don't feel sure they've been fixed. 

I wrote a thread with some thoughts on the discourse around recent controversies, which might tangentially touch upon this one.

4
Linch
1y
I think more attention on this issue is not urgent, while still being the type of thing my drama-seeking brain unfortunately likes to seek out. My current plan is to block all information related to the FLI controversy for a month. I've set a calendar reminder to check back in a month's time for updates.

A month has since passed, and tbh while my emotions has cooled down a bunch, I see no updates on a quick skim either here or Google. I'm sorry that the FLI team was put under such crossfires and extended EAF vitirol. However, I find myself confused about the grantmaking process that led to such a grant being almost approved. I think I still am more than a bit worried about the generative process that led to this situation, and can only hope that either a) there are exculpating circumstances at FLI that either can't be shared or FLI deprioritized sharing or b) FLI has quietly made changes to increase their grantmaking quality in the future, or decreased their willingness to give out grants until such changes have been made.

2
Guy Raveh
1y
I agree with your worries, and I doubt either of these options is true.

As noted by others, I am also regretful to reflect on how much stress this has caused the FLI team. 

However, I think it's important to note I still have some concerns, for 2 reasons: 

1) The FAQ linked makes a lot of sense assuming a Texas Sharpshooter setup (i.e. many far-right newspapers apply for grants from FLI, and one makes it through ), but I think this seems much less plausible because of the personal connections FLI board members have to the newspaper.
 

5) Was nepotism involved? In particular, would FLI's president's brother have profited in any way had the grant been awarded?
 

This is the only section of the FAQ I can see this that addresses this concern. However, the prompted question I read as a (perhaps accidental) straw-man. I have not seen any comments on the associated blog posts, around the concern that the brother would financially benefit. I don't generally assume that being a far-right journalist/communicator is particularly profitable. My understanding is that far-right communicators exist because of ideological motivations. 

2) There seems to be a repeated subtext, that it was initially  hard to identify the newspaper as far-right.&nb... (read more)

Linch
1y34
15
5

I can imagine that Per Shapiro is much more conservative (?) than say the AngloAmerican left, and wrote for conservative venues, but did not know specifically about the neo-Nazi stuff from Nya Dagbladet. People of Jewish descent, even very conservative ones, don't to my knowledge regularly support neo-Nazis. I'm not saying it doesn't happen, but this is generally pretty unlikely enough that we should not assume guilty until proven innocent.

Like Elliot, while I think the FLI team has handled the whole thing just fine, I also find it confusing people think the far-right connections of Nya Dagbladet would have been difficult to identify. I didn't know anything about Nya Dagbladed in advance so I checked it:

The complete English Wikipedia article on Nya Dagbladet:

"Nya Dagbladet is a Swedish online daily newspaper founded in 2012,[1] which has a historical connection to the National Democrats, a far-right political party in Sweden. It publishes articles promoting conspiracy theories about the Holocaust, COVID-19 vaccines, climate change, mobile phone towers, and others. Other common themes include immigration, GMOs, Israel, the EU,[2] and pro-Kremlin propaganda regarding the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[3][4] Markus Andersson is its editor-in-chief."

The Swedish summary/beginning of the Wikipedia article on Nya Dagbladed:

"Nya Dagbladet är en svensk nätbaserad dagstidning grundad 2012.[2] Tidningen är nationalistisk, vetenskapsskeptisk och partipolitiskt obunden, med historisk koppling till Nationaldemokraterna. Den betecknar sig som humanistisk och etnopluralistisk med en antiglobalistisk hållning.[3] Den refererar ofta pse... (read more)

Note that the English page was created in January of this year. The stuff on the Swedish page about Nordiska motståndsrörelsen and vaccination scepticisim and pseudoscience was added on September 14, after FLI signed the letter of intent.

5
Ada-Maaria Hyvärinen
1y
Good observation, I didn't notice that! Sure makes it harder for non-Swedish speakers to for example become aware of "should I check whether there is a connection to Nationaldemokraterna" if there is no English page that points to that direction. What comes to Swedish speakers: If the letter of intent would have been signed because of nepotism, the vaccination skepticism part probably would not have come as a surprise since it seems to be a recurring theme in Per Shapiro's NyD contributions (again, if my Swedish does not fail me). Which to me seems evidence to the direction that nepotism did not influence the decision.
3
RobBensinger
1y
The English Wikipedia page was made Jan. 15, so my first guess would be that it was created by Mvolz in response to the Expo article or follow-on discussion. (Possibly including follow-on discussion on the EA Forum.)

The quality of public discourse worldwide has degraded so badly, with casual name-calling using highly charged labels, that many of these types of accusations are open to question upon examination.

That is definitely my reaction to any story with "Far-Right" in the headline.

-21
ElliotJDavies
1y

I still believe that there were significant problems with a section of the original statement from Max Tegmark, and they have been reinforced, not undermined, by this FAQ. To be clear, I am not referring to problems like "they left out detail x"; I am referring to the fact that a particular section was actively misleading. I understand FLI was under a lot of pressure to churn out a statement fast, so I'm not totally surprised the original statement wasn't good quality. Still, I think FLI has a responsibility not to make misleading statements that they know, or should know, are misleading.

In this FAQ, FLI states the following as a main reason they rejected the grant:

we found the term “ethnopluralism" endorsed in Nya Dagbladet.

However, in their initial statement, they wrote:

We also point out that the claim by Expo.se that NDF is "pro-Nazi" [the lede in the article] is apparently not shared by the (center-left) former Swedish government, which not only certified the Foundation as charitable but granted $30,000 in government funding and support to Nya Dagbladet in 2021. This is exactly $30,000 more than the zero dollars FLI granted to them.

The invocation of Swedish government funding w... (read more)

3
RobBensinger
1y
This is extremely useful information! I don't know — did they? The crux for me is whether Tegmark knew when he wrote his EA Forum comment that Sweden widely funds newspapers regardless of political view.  Tegmark lived in Sweden until age 23, so I'd be curious to know whether this is a universally known fact in Sweden, or whether it's more of a minor/obscure bit of trivia, or something in between. If he knew that, then citing this fact strikes me as extremely deceptive and as bad behavior. If he didn't know that, then I don't find it weird that Tegmark would think this is somewhat exculpatory? Maybe I'm missing something, as an American trying to comment on a Swedish political topic that he has almost no understanding of. But from my current vantage point, I can easily imagine reasoning that goes "well, we didn't initially notice the ethnopluralism stuff, but this center-left Swedish government didn't initially notice it either, which places an upper bound on how easy it was to dig this info up". Maybe this is a bit naive, but I'm assuming FLI is juggling hundreds of grants and dozens of non-grant projects and will therefore sometimes give a bit too much weight to an argument for trusting or not-trusting a specific prospective grantee. It's hard to have universal expertise, and FLI's stated mission and strategy sort of call for it.
5
DaneelO
1y
  Of course I cannot comment on what Tegmark knew or did not know. But as a Swede I can try to guess what an average Swede would be expected to think to try to answer this question.  I think they would know what the mediestöd (Swedish Wikipedia) is and that is used to support the press and is independent of the current government in charge, left-wing or right-wing does not matter. Thus whichever parties happen to be in charge are not important, opposite to what he seemed to claim in his first post. I also think that the average Swede would think that if a publication receives mediestöd, then it cannot be to crazy or extremist. Because giving them money would seem to be againswt common sense. The fact that this is not the case in reality and that some extremist publications have received money is probably not something most people know, since I don't think the debate and news about this have permeated to most people. But would expect someone who cares about politics or the media to know about it. It is something I know about and I am far from an expert in either politics or media, I am just interested. 
2
RobBensinger
1y
OK cool, that's really helpful. Though I guess the question I actually should have asked is about what young Swedes would have known (or believed) in the 1970s-1980s, since that's when he lived in Sweden, according to Wikipedia. I'm being more nitpicky about this question because it actually seems like a really big deal to me if Tegmark cited this fact knowing that it wasn't relevant evidence.
3
DaneelO
1y
That is much harder for me to answer, since I am too young to know that. But I would also assume that he has not been completely isolated from Sweden since the 1980s, considering the fact that he has appeared in Swedish media from time to time and has family in Sweden.  So to be nitpicky back, while modeling him as an average Swede today might not be correct, modeling him as an average one (or young one) in the 80s is probably not also correct.  I would also expect him to be a bit more interested in Swedish media than the average person since he has started a news aggregator for English language media, and as I wrote above has appeared in Swedish media from time to time. But maybe I am just projecting how I would think in his situation and he is not interested in the Swedish media landscape at all and only focuses on the American one since that is where he lives and works. Edit: and FLI was thinking of granting money to a Swedish org, so some interest in Swedish media has been shown from FLI at least.
3
RobBensinger
1y
Yep, agreed! I just wanted to acknowledge that if the Swedish government is doing something different now than it was doing in the 1980s, someone living overseas might be more likely to miss that. I don't actually know if anything relevant has changed, so this is me asking about it, if anyone else knows.
[anonymous]1y26
14
20

I'm somewhat confused as to why this is controversial. Why is it news that FLI didn't make a grant to a far right org?

Initial reporting and its discussion in social media gave me (and perhaps others) the impression that the grant had been rejected because of the reporting and that having the president's brother had been a factor under consideration. It now seems that this was simply false and FLI's explanation seems reasonable.

[anonymous]1y17
3
0

I see. I wasn't being provocative with my question, I just didn't get it

7
ElliotJDavies
1y
Thanks for clarifying. I read it as provocative because of the wording

I feel motivated as a former due diligence/investigative research guy to expand briefly on where my frustration came from. I think it's hard to understate how stunning a failure of due diligence this was in the first round.

Due diligence for corporate work involves much more than Googling, but, like, the first step is often just Googling. When you Google Nya Dagbladet, the Swedish Wikipedia page pops up. (The English one did not exist last year.) 

Skimming the page as it existed circa fall 2022 thru Google Translate should have immediately raised several red flags, even for people not familiar with Swedish politics. These flags obviously would be taken with a grain of salt, because it's Wikipedia, but it stuns me that they were ignored at first. These immediately apparent flags include:

  • The links to the far-right party Nationaldemokraterna/National Democrats 
  • The use of at least once columnist noted for antisemitic conspiracy theories (this guy)
  • The "ethnopluralist" label
  • Irresponsible and misleading reporting related to vaccines (This was added after the letter of intent was signed, so assuming it was not clear)

Some of those flags don't immediately  check out — e.g., the ... (read more)

Thank you for sharing this.

It took courage to publish this when it seems this state of affairs has become more trying with every week FLI has tried to show how they've been learning and doing better after course-correcting from the initial mistake for months now.

I have one main question with a set of a few related questions, though I understand if you'd only answer the first one.

While the FAQ mentions how Nya Dagbladet is one of few publications critical of decisions to put nuclear weapons near the Swedish border, it doesn't directly address why Nya Dagbladet was considered for a grant in the first place.

  1. What was the specific work Nya Dagbladet had done or was expected to do that had them be considered for a grant in the first place? Would it just have been to fund Nya Dagbladet to publish more media in favour of nuclear deescalation? Or was it something else?

  2. As there are apparently few but still some other publications doing the kind of work in Sweden FLI might have been prospectively interested in funding, what was it specifically about Nya Dagbladet that had FLI consider them more? How much were the following factors:

  • perception that Nya Dagbladet published higher qual

... (read more)

If I understand correctly the grant would've been for Nya Dagbladet's foundation, not the publication itself.

Still, unlike others I'm not completely reassured yet. I would also like to know why the grant was considered in the first place and I don't think the FAQ clearly answers that.

-10
Hawk.Yang
1y

FAQ number 5) reads oddly.

|5) Was nepotism involved? In particular, would FLI's president's brother have profited in any way had the grant been awarded?

|No. He published some articles in the newspaper, but the understanding from the very beginning was that this was pro-bono, and he was never paid and never planned to get paid by the newspaper of the foundation. The grant proposal requested no funds for him. He is a journalist with many years of experience working for Swedish public radio and television, and runs his own free and non-commercial podcast. The newspaper linked some of his episodes, but this has nothing to do with FLI, and it provided no ad revenue since he runs no ads. He was shocked by the recent revelations of extremism and plans no further association with the newspaper.

I think you should list the purely contextual information (that an FLI executive's sibling has written articles for the newspaper etc) before the responsive information (that this did not influence the decision etc).

Also, definitely state the responsive information as two parts: 

-Stuff that FLI knows, stated as fact

-"We reached out to [sibling], and he communicated the following" 

FLI as an ... (read more)

JWS
1y10
3
0

I.

I've updated my original comment in the first forum post to link to this post and FAQ, and I've included some retractions where I think I made factual claims/implications that have now been shown to be false.  I think this excerpt from FLI's FAQ is an excellent response to the affair:

"We would like to emphatically state that FLI finds groups or ideologies espousing antisemitism, white supremacy, or racism despicable and would never knowingly support any such group...  Our due diligence worked, but not as early as it should have.  We deeply regret that we may have inadvertently compromised the confidence of our community and constituents. We are reviewing how we can amend and improve our procedures."

I would also like to extend my sincerest condolences to Max himself for the personal circumstances that would have made responding to this whole affair even more difficult.

II.

Looking back on my post, I think it was still a net positive for the forum that brought more context on the issue to light. Emotional reactions can still be valuable, and my emotions matched my assessment (and still do) of the seriousness of the issue. I think I included the kind of caveat... (read more)

Finally, I do think that there is a risk of updating too quickly the other way. Back on the original post, some users have responded this comment saying that it's 'entirely correct'[1], but I don't think it's reasonable to view Expo's piece a 'major misrepresentation' of what happened - their reporting on the case seems to have been accurate. While 'Option 1' seems to be what happened there is still a question of how the grant made it to stage 5 out of 7 on FLI's grant-making procedure. It's not the major scandal we feared, but it's ramifications are more than being 'mildly embarrassing'.

Similarly, I think EA's response to the first apology was reasonable, because FLI and Tegmark gave a terrible apology, essentially amounting to a non-apology. It was at least reasonable to suspect that they didn't actually have much of a problem with Nazism.

Now, a better apology has been produced, but it almost certainly required the criticism of FLI to stick.

I suspect at least half of this controversy could have been avoided simply by writing "We have now moved onto the due diligence phase and we intend to approve this grant if it passes" instead of "We have approved this grant subject to due diligence". Unfortunately, headlines count.

Here's the letter: image from Expo.

It doesn't mention "subject to due diligence". It says they're waiting for the foundation to complete registration.

3
Chris Leong
1y
Interesting, well that’s an even worse wording in terms of leaving them vulnerable to PR.
lc
1y25
12
3

I don't think it's reasonable to expect them to anticipate this exact scenario, nor do I think they should be spending lots of time planning for tail risk PR scenarios like these instead of being actually productive.

I appreciate there are reasonable differences of opinion here (and the downside of drawing  attention to a deeply unpleasant publication), but I personally would think better of an organisation that made this FAQ more visible from their homepage. It's hard to find unless you have the link, or search for terms you know will be in there.

I'm still surprised FLI didn't rummage around their Wikipedia page before sending a non binding LOI.